History Archive > An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales (1826)

An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales : including observations on the soils and general appearance of the country, and some of its most useful natural productions; with an account of the various methods of clearing and improving lands, breeding and grazing live stock, erecting buildings, the system of employing convicts, and the expense of labour generally; the mode of applying for grants of land; with other information important to those who are about to emigrate to that country : the result of several years' residence and practical experience in those matters in the colony / by James Atkinson, Esq. of Oldbury, Argyle Country, New South Wales, and formerly Principal Clerk in the Office of the Colonial Secretary at Sydney

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Date: 1826

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MLA 8

Atkinson, James. An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales. London : J. Cross. 1826.

APA

Atkinson, James (1826) An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales. London : J. Cross.

Chicago

Atkinson, James, An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales. London : J. Cross. 1826.

Description

The first book on Australian agriculture, written by a noted early settler and member of the Agricultural Society of New South Wales, father of the novelist Louisa Atkinson and first husband of Charlotte Barton, author of the first Australian children's book. Atkinson's account of the agricultural and pastoral frontier, is at once a practical guide and a descriptive survey of the agricultural districts and large establishments of NSW.

In his preface the author states that this work is in response to the many queries put to him on the present state of New South Wales and especially its agriculture and grazing. He decided to write it on his own accord because of the many repetitious queries to find a comprehensive method of satisfying curiosity.

His friends also persuaded him to write it as, notwithstanding many large volumes already published on the Colony, its rural and domestic economy were still comparatively unknown and the authors experience and successful practice as a settler would enable him to supply the deficiency. Atkinson was in fact one of the progressive farmers, who in writing and practice tried to raise the efficiency of farming in New South Wales.

This book includes a plate with a 'ground plan & elevation of a house' illustrated as being appropriate to the requirements of a pioneering agriculturist. James Broadbent in The Australian colonial house (1997) suggests that Atkinson's design "was possibly modelled on the house he had built at Oldbury, his estate near Berrima, in the early 1820s." He rebuilt the house sometime between 1828 and his death in 1834.

This work emphasised the problems faced in adapting European plants, animals and farming methods to a strange environment. Experience of Kentish farming and the Agrarian Revolution were his background. Atkinson was awarded the Gold Medal by the Agricultural & Horticultural Society for his "judicious and ably written treatise."

Includes 3 colored aquatint plates and a 'ground plan & elevation of a house', together with a 'ground plan of a milking yard' [p. 96]

Oblong 4to. [viii], 146 p., [ii] p., [4] leaves of plates : ill. ; 22 cm.

References:

Bobins 1103.

Publication Information

Publisher: London : J. Cross

Language(s):

English

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ISBN-10: N/A

Date Added: 2019-07-23

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