Adolphus Washington Greely
Adolphus Washington Greely (March 27, 1844 - October 20, 1935) was a United States Army officer, polar explorer, and recipient of the Medal of Honor. He was born at Newburyport, Mass., March 27, 1844. He served through the Civil War, and shortly afterward entered the regular army as lieutenant.
In 1868 Greely was assigned to the signal service, remaining until 1881, when he was selected to lead the expedition to the head of Smith Sound. After terrible sufferings in the Arctic regions for three years, he and the survivors of his party were rescued in 1883. He was appointed chief of the signal service, and gazetted brigadier-general in 1887.
See his Three Years of Arctic Service and W. S. Schley's The Rescue of Greely.
The New Student's Reference Work (1914)