Sir Mark Aurel Stein (1862-1943) was a British Orientalist and archaeologist. He was born in Budapest, Hungary on 26 Nov. 1862. He was educated at the universities of Vienna, Tubingen, Oxford and London. He was registrar of the Punjab University and principal of the Oriental College, Lahore, India, in 1888-99, and in 1899 he became principal of the Calcutta Madrash.
The Indian government sent him to conduct archaeological investigations in Chinese Turkestan in 1900-01, and he was afterward appointed inspector of education in the Punjab. He was engaged in archaeological investigations in central Asia and western China in 1906-08, and in 1909 he became connected with the archaeological department of India.
He received the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society in 1909. He published a critical edition, with an English translation, of Kalhana's 'Rajatarangini, or Sanskrit Chronicle of the Kings of Kashmir' (2 vols., 1900); and is author of 'The Sand-Buried Cities of Khotan' (1903); 'Ancient Khotan' (2 vols., 1907); 'Ruins of Desert Cathay' (2 vols., 1912), etc.
The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)