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Abyssinia

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Abyssinia Collection

History Archive - Abyssinia Collection

Abyssinia was a country of eastern Africa, southwest of the Red Sea. It resided on a tableland, from which rise flat-topped mountains, intersected by deep valleys and gorges. The area of Abyssinia was over 400,000 square miles, with an estimated population of five and a half millions. There were many small towns, few with a population exceeding 5,000.

Little land was cultivated, the chief pursuit of the people being the herding of cattle, sheep and goats. A railway line connected Dire Dawa in southeastern Abyssinia with the port of Jibuti, 186 miles distant. Telegraph and telephone systems were also in use in the country. Barley, wheat, millet, hops and tobacco were produced in considerable quantities. The annual product of coffee was about 50,000 bags.

Later History

In 1850 Theodorus, a military adventurer, revolted and was crowned emperor. He first sent embassies to England and France and received a British consul at his court. It was his imprisonment of the consul and of an embassy sent to inquire into the matter that caused the English government to send Sir Robert Napier from Bombay with a relief expedition. The capital, Magdala, was stormed and captured, Theodorus shooting himself when told that the city gates had given way. This occurred in 1868, and for some time after the English forces withdrew lawlessness prevailed.

In 1872 John II was crowned emperor. He was killed in battle in 1889 and was succeeded by his adversary, Menelek, the present king, who reigns under the title of Menelek II. In 1885 Italy occupied the port of Massowah, and sought to acquire territory inland, claiming, by treaty in 1889, a protectorate over Abyssinia. This led to a protracted war, and in 1896 the Italian army of invasion was beaten with great loss. As a result, Italy withdrew her claim to a protectorate over Abyssinia. In 1902 the boundary between Abyssinia and the British Sudan was adjusted by treaty.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work pg. 6 (1914)

Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)

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Related Images

Image Name
Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt - The Pyramids at Cairo (1809)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - View on the Banks of the Tacazze (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - View of the Government House on the Island of Mozambique (1814)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 - View of Sandy Bay, St. Helena (1809)
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A Voyage to Abyssinia - Sketch of the Sanga or Galla Oxen (1814)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - The Pyramids from Old Cairo (1809)
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Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - View of the Church of Hannes, on the Way to Axum (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Pierce in his Abyssinian Dress, A Young Gall of High Rank (1809)
Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt - Ruins of the Fort at Juanpore on the River Goomtee (1809)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - View in the Neighbourhood of the River Tacazze (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Title Page (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Plan of the Harbour and Adjacent Territories of Mosambique (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Sketch of a Building in Avergale (1814)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - Front Cover (1809)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - A General Chart of the East Coast of Africa (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Abyssinians Reposing (1814)
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Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Back Cover (1809)
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Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Front Cover (1809)
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Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Church at Axum (1809)
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Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt - Pagoda at Trinchicunum (1809)
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Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt - Mosque at Lucknow (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Ground Plan of Ruins near Dioclesian's Column (1809)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Outline of an Abyssinian Drawing (1814)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Axoro Tishai at Adowe (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Hazorta Family (1809)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - View of the Obelisk and Church at Axum (1814)
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Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 - Title Page (1809)
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Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 - View of Ossour (1809)
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A Voyage to Abyssinia - Chart of Amphilia Bay (1814)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - A Geometrical Survey of the City of Alexandria (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - 1. Inscription on a Column at Damietta, 2. Copper Dovetail found at Bahbeit, 3. Ancient Column found at Mafsowah (1809)
Reise nach Abessinien, den Gala-Landern - Tsad Amba [I] (1868)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - 1. A Small Obelisk, 2. Pedestals or Altars, 3. A Large Altar near the Square, 4. The Pedestal of a Fallen Obelisk, 5. A Detached Stone in the Church Yard (1809)
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A Voyage to Abyssinia - Baharnegash Yasous, Baharn Subhart, A Lasta Soldier (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Sketch of the Mountains of Adowa (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Chart of the Bay of Zeyla (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Berilla, an Edjow Galla (1814)
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A Voyage to Abyssinia - View of the Government House at Mesuril (1814)
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Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Inscription Found at Acum (1809)
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Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - View of Moosa (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Shrine at Timai (1809)
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A Voyage to Abyssinia - Assorted Figures (1814)
Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt - Back Cover (1809)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Erodia Amphilensis (1814)
Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt - Ancient Excavations at Carli (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - Distant View of the Island of Valentia (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - Pass of Taranta (1809)
Reise nach Abessinien, den Gala-Landern - Kirche von Aksum (1868)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - An Arabian Child Dressed in his Holiday Suit (1814)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - Interior of a House at Dhalac (1809)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - A Group of the Torah Shiho (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Castle of the Sultaun of Aden at Lahadj (1814)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 - Front Cover (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - Interior of Carli Cave (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - View from the Factory at Mocha (1809)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - View from the Ras's-House at Antalow (1809)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Dofter Esther, a Learned Abyssinian (1814)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - A Massowah Pilot (1809)
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A Voyage to Abyssinia - An Abyssinian Slave Girl (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Chart of Howakil Bay and Annesley Bay (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Back Cover (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Assorted Figures (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Abyssinian Locust (1814)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Title Page (1809)
Reconnoitring in Abyssinia - Devil's Staircase, Sooroo Pass (1870)
Reconnoitring in Abyssinia - Illeleia (1870)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Sketch of the Rocky Coast of One of the Islands of Amphilia (1814)
A Voyage to Abyssinia - Ayto Debib and Guebra Mehedin (1814)

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