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Atlantic Ocean

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Atlantic Ocean Collection

History Archive - Atlantic Ocean Collection

The islands of the Atlantic Ocean are - except for those in one concentrated region - scattered far and wide, with little in common but their relative obscurity.

The most numerous group of islands are the so-called West Indies and their neighbors, located southeast of North America, east of Central America, and north of South America. Although part of the Atlantic, this sea forms its own region: the Caribbean.

Geologically, the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Lucayan island chain are in the Atlantic Ocean but are culturally and tourism-wise considered part of the Caribbean (West Indies) and listed as such.

The near-polar islands to the far north and south are covered here among the islands of the Arctic Ocean (Arctic) and Southern Ocean (Antarctica). The remaining islands of the Atlantic run rather intermittently from the southwestern tip of Europe, past West Africa, across the equator, to the open waters of the South Atlantic:

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

Plutarch in his Parallel Lives (Sertorius, 75 AD) referring to the military commander Quintus Sertorius (d. 72 BC), relates that after his return to Cádiz, he met sailors who spoke of idyllic Atlantic islands: "The islands are said to be two in number separated by a very narrow strait and lie 10,000 furlongs (2,011.68 km) from Africa. They are called the Isles of the Blest." Archeological evidence suggests that the islands may have been visited by the Vikings sometime between AD 900 and 1030.

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Available Books

Related Images

Image Name
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Great Eastern Under Weight, July 23 : Escort and Other Ships Introduced Being the Terrible, the Sphinx, the Hawk, and the Caroline (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - Title Page (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Coiling the Cable in the After-Tank on Board the Great Eastern at Sheerness : Visit of H.R.H. The Prince of Wales on May 24. (1865)
A History of Madeira - An Officer and Private of the Garrison of Funchal (1821)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Eyjafell from Barkarstadir (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - View (Looking Aft) from the Port Paddle-Box of Great Eastern : Showing the Trough for Cable, etc. (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Kongsbakki Bjarnarhsn in the Distance (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - In the Bows, August 2 : The Cable Broken and Lost : Preparing to Grapple (1865)
Views of St. Helena - Plantation House (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - Front Cover (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Gill at Gilsbakki (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Cliffs, Foilhummerum Bay : Point of the Landing of the Shore End of Cable, July 22 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Great Eastern (1865) (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Valentia in 1857-1858 at the Time of the Laying of the Former Cable (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Fall of Oxara (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Nun and Her Attendant (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Visiting Among the Ladies at Funchal (1821)
Views of St. Helena - Front view of Longwood Old House (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - View of James Town from the road leading to the Briars (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - St. Paul's Church (1857)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Title Page - Weighing Anchor off the Maplin Sands, Nore, July 15, 1865 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Looking Up Thorsmork (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Prior of the Order of St. Francis and a Lay Brother (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Peasants in Usual Costume (1821)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Bringing Wine to Town when Clear (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Title Page (1857)
A History of Madeira - Front Cover (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Back Cover (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Farmer and His Daughter Going to Town (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Getting Out One of the Large Buoys for Launching, August 2 (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Melstad and Reykir (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Forward Deck Cleared for the Final Attempt at Grappling, August 11 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - Back Cover (1909)
A History of Madeira - An Accident Upon the Road (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Reels of Gutta-Percha-Covered Conducting-Wire Conveyed into Tanks at the Works at Greenwich (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Searching for Fault After Recovery of the Cable from the Bed of the Atlantic, July 31 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - General View of Port Magee, &c., from the Heights Below Cora Beg : The Caroline Laying the Shore End of the Cable, July 22 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Marshal Bertrand's Cottage (1857)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Cable Passed from the Works into the Hulk Lying in the Thames at Greenwich (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Old Frigate with Her Freight of Cable Alongside the Great Eastern at Sheerness (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Lady and Her Servant Going to Church (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Lay Sisters of the Order of the Lady of Mount Carmel (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)

Related Maps

Map Name
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)

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