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Atlantic Ocean

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Atlantic Ocean Collection

History Archive - Atlantic Ocean Collection

The islands of the Atlantic Ocean are - except for those in one concentrated region - scattered far and wide, with little in common but their relative obscurity.

The most numerous group of islands are the so-called West Indies and their neighbors, located southeast of North America, east of Central America, and north of South America. Although part of the Atlantic, this sea forms its own region: the Caribbean.

Geologically, the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Lucayan island chain are in the Atlantic Ocean but are culturally and tourism-wise considered part of the Caribbean (West Indies) and listed as such.

The near-polar islands to the far north and south are covered here among the islands of the Arctic Ocean (Arctic) and Southern Ocean (Antarctica). The remaining islands of the Atlantic run rather intermittently from the southwestern tip of Europe, past West Africa, across the equator, to the open waters of the South Atlantic:

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

Plutarch in his Parallel Lives (Sertorius, 75 AD) referring to the military commander Quintus Sertorius (d. 72 BC), relates that after his return to Cádiz, he met sailors who spoke of idyllic Atlantic islands: "The islands are said to be two in number separated by a very narrow strait and lie 10,000 furlongs (2,011.68 km) from Africa. They are called the Isles of the Blest." Archeological evidence suggests that the islands may have been visited by the Vikings sometime between AD 900 and 1030.

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Related Images

Image Name
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - West View of Loo Fort (1821)
A History of Madeira - A Lady and Her Servant Going to Church (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Horn at Sunrise (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - Back Cover (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Reels of Gutta-Percha-Covered Conducting-Wire Conveyed into Tanks at the Works at Greenwich (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - Map Showing the Proposed Ocean Telegraphs and Overland Route Round the World (1865)
A History of Madeira - A Franciscan Friar Collecting Donations for His Convent (1821)
A History of Madeira - Usual Manner of Travelling in Hammocks (1821)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Looking Up Thorsmork (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Great Eastern Under Weight, July 23 : Escort and Other Ships Introduced Being the Terrible, the Sphinx, the Hawk, and the Caroline (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Foilhummerum Bay Bay, Valentia, from Cornwall Fort : The Caro-Line and Boats Laying the Earth-Wire, Jul 21 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - View (Looking Aft) from the Port Paddle-Box of Great Eastern : Showing the Trough for Cable, etc. (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - An Accident Upon the Road (1821)
A History of Madeira - Priests in Different Attire (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Fishermen (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Launching Buoy on August 8, in Lat. 51° 25' 30''; Long. 30° 56' (Marking Spot Where Cable had Been Grappled) (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Budar-Os (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - General View of Port Magee, &c., from the Heights Below Cora Beg : The Caroline Laying the Shore End of the Cable, July 22 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Drilling (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Country Musicians (1821)
Views of St. Helena - Napoleon's Tomb (1857)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Atlantic Telegraph [Map] (1865) (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - Front Cover (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Prior of the Order of St. Francis and a Lay Brother (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Title Page (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Book Display (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Foilhummerum Bay, Valentia, Looking Seawards from the Point at Which the Cable Reaches the Shore (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Coiling the Cable in the Large Tanks at the Works at Green-Wich (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Nun and Her Attendant (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Valentia in 1857-1858 at the Time of the Laying of the Former Cable (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Interior of One of the Tanks on Board the Great Eastern : Cable Passing Out (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - H.M.S. Agamemnon Laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable in 1858 : A Whale Crosses the Line (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Old Frigate with Her Freight of Cable Alongside the Great Eastern at Sheerness (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Great Eastern (1865) (1865)
A History of Madeira - Official Dress of the Members of the Camera or Senate on the Death of the King and Accession of His Successor (1821)
Views of St. Helena - Title Page (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - Title Page (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Paying-Out Machinery (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Descent of Arnardals Skarth (1899)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Visiting Among the Ladies at Funchal (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Peasants in Usual Costume (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Kongsbakki Bjarnarhsn in the Distance (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)

Related Maps

Map Name
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)

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