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Atlantic Ocean

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Atlantic Ocean Collection

History Archive - Atlantic Ocean Collection

The islands of the Atlantic Ocean are - except for those in one concentrated region - scattered far and wide, with little in common but their relative obscurity.

The most numerous group of islands are the so-called West Indies and their neighbors, located southeast of North America, east of Central America, and north of South America. Although part of the Atlantic, this sea forms its own region: the Caribbean.

Geologically, the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Lucayan island chain are in the Atlantic Ocean but are culturally and tourism-wise considered part of the Caribbean (West Indies) and listed as such.

The near-polar islands to the far north and south are covered here among the islands of the Arctic Ocean (Arctic) and Southern Ocean (Antarctica). The remaining islands of the Atlantic run rather intermittently from the southwestern tip of Europe, past West Africa, across the equator, to the open waters of the South Atlantic:

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

Plutarch in his Parallel Lives (Sertorius, 75 AD) referring to the military commander Quintus Sertorius (d. 72 BC), relates that after his return to Cádiz, he met sailors who spoke of idyllic Atlantic islands: "The islands are said to be two in number separated by a very narrow strait and lie 10,000 furlongs (2,011.68 km) from Africa. They are called the Isles of the Blest." Archeological evidence suggests that the islands may have been visited by the Vikings sometime between AD 900 and 1030.

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Available Books

Related Images

Image Name
A History of Madeira - Drilling (1821)
A History of Madeira - Back Cover (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] (1865) (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Trinity Bay, Newfoundland : Exterior View of Telegraph House in 1857-1858 (1865)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Visiting Among the Ladies at Funchal (1821)
A History of Madeira - An Officer and Private of the Garrison of Funchal (1821)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Budar-Os (1899)
A History of Madeira - A Lady and Her Servant Going to Church (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Great Eastern (1865) (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Logberg and Thingvalla Vatn (1899)
A History of Madeira - A Farmer and His Daughter Going to Town (1821)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Gill at Gilsbakki (1899)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Logberg and Nicolas Chasm (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Launching Buoy on August 8, in Lat. 51° 25' 30''; Long. 30° 56' (Marking Spot Where Cable had Been Grappled) (1865)
Views of St. Helena - St. Paul's Church (1857)
A History of Madeira - A Nun and Her Attendant (1821)
A History of Madeira - A Franciscan Friar on a Journey (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - Map Showing the Proposed Ocean Telegraphs and Overland Route Round the World (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Foilhummerum Bay Bay, Valentia, from Cornwall Fort : The Caro-Line and Boats Laying the Earth-Wire, Jul 21 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Reels of Gutta-Percha-Covered Conducting-Wire Conveyed into Tanks at the Works at Greenwich (1865)
A History of Madeira - Peasants in Usual Costume (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Coiling the Cable in the After-Tank on Board the Great Eastern at Sheerness : Visit of H.R.H. The Prince of Wales on May 24. (1865)
A History of Madeira - Front Cover (1821)
A History of Madeira - Peasants Going to Market (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Great Eastern Under Weight, July 23 : Escort and Other Ships Introduced Being the Terrible, the Sphinx, the Hawk, and the Caroline (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Getting Out One of the Large Buoys for Launching, August 2 (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Kongsbakki Bjarnarhsn in the Distance (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Cliffs, Foilhummerum Bay : Point of the Landing of the Shore End of Cable, July 22 (1865)
Views of St. Helena - Napoleon's Tomb (1857)
The Atlantic Telegraph - In the Bows, August 2 : The Cable Broken and Lost : Preparing to Grapple (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Kornsa (1899)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Horn at Sunrise (1899)
A History of Madeira - A Prior of the Order of St. Francis and a Lay Brother (1821)
A History of Madeira - Country Musicians (1821)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Bringing Wine to Town when Clear (1821)
Views of St. Helena - Marshal Bertrand's Cottage (1857)
Views of St. Helena - Views of Lower Part of James Town (1857)
The Atlantic Telegraph - View (Looking Aft) from the Port Paddle-Box of Great Eastern : Showing the Trough for Cable, etc. (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Searching for Fault After Recovery of the Cable from the Bed of the Atlantic, July 31 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Foilhummerum Bay, Valentia, Looking Seawards from the Point at Which the Cable Reaches the Shore (1865)
Views of St. Helena - Longwood New House (1857)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Atlantic Telegraph [Map] (1865) (1865)
A History of Madeira - A Franciscan Friar Collecting Donations for His Convent (1821)
A History of Madeira - Official Dress of the Members of the Camera or Senate on the Death of the King and Accession of His Successor (1821)
A History of Madeira - Title Page (1821)
Views of St. Helena - Longwood Old House (1857)
The Atlantic Telegraph - General View of Port Magee, &c., from the Heights Below Cora Beg : The Caroline Laying the Shore End of the Cable, July 22 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - H.M.S. Agamemnon Laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable in 1858 : A Whale Crosses the Line (1865)
A History of Madeira - Rural Occupations (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Back Cover (1865)
Views of St. Helena - View of Upper Part of Main Street (1857)
Views of St. Helena - Front view of Longwood Old House (1857)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Looking Up Thorsmork (1899)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Eyjafell from Barkarstadir (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Forward Deck Cleared for the Final Attempt at Grappling, August 11 (1865)
A History of Madeira - Lay Sisters of the Order of the Lady of Mount Carmel (1821)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Title Page (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Paying-Out Machinery (1865)
A History of Madeira - Priests in Different Attire (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Old Frigate with Her Freight of Cable Alongside the Great Eastern at Sheerness (1865)
Views of St. Helena - Plantation House (1857)
Views of St. Helena - The Briars (1857)
Views of St. Helena - View of James Town from the road leading to the Briars (1857)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Fall of Oxara (1899)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Descent of Arnardals Skarth (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Splicing the Cable (After the First Accident) on Board the Great Eastern, July 25 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)
A History of Madeira - Members of the Senate (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Interior of One of the Tanks on Board the Great Eastern : Cable Passing Out (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Valentia in 1857-1858 at the Time of the Laying of the Former Cable (1865)
A History of Madeira - Rural Toil (1821)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Cultivating the Ground (1821)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Drawing Pipes etc. by Means of the Sledge (1821)
A History of Madeira - West View of Loo Fort (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Title Page - Weighing Anchor off the Maplin Sands, Nore, July 15, 1865 (1865)
Views of St. Helena - Title Page (1857)
A History of Madeira - Fishermen (1821)
A History of Madeira - An Accident Upon the Road (1821)
Views of St. Helena - Book Display (1857)
A History of Madeira - Usual Manner of Travelling in Hammocks (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Cable Passed from the Works into the Hulk Lying in the Thames at Greenwich (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Melstad and Reykir (1899)
Views of St. Helena - Oak Bank (1857)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Borg (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Coiling the Cable in the Large Tanks at the Works at Green-Wich (1865)
A History of Madeira - Costume Peculiar to some of the Western inhabitants of the Island (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Telegraph House, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland : Interior of Mess-Room 1858 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Forge on Deck : Night of August 9 : Preparing the Iron Plating for Capstan (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Front Cover (1865)

Related Maps

Map Name
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)

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