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Atlantic Ocean

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Atlantic Ocean Collection

History Archive - Atlantic Ocean Collection

The islands of the Atlantic Ocean are - except for those in one concentrated region - scattered far and wide, with little in common but their relative obscurity.

The most numerous group of islands are the so-called West Indies and their neighbors, located southeast of North America, east of Central America, and north of South America. Although part of the Atlantic, this sea forms its own region: the Caribbean.

Geologically, the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Lucayan island chain are in the Atlantic Ocean but are culturally and tourism-wise considered part of the Caribbean (West Indies) and listed as such.

The near-polar islands to the far north and south are covered here among the islands of the Arctic Ocean (Arctic) and Southern Ocean (Antarctica). The remaining islands of the Atlantic run rather intermittently from the southwestern tip of Europe, past West Africa, across the equator, to the open waters of the South Atlantic:

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

Plutarch in his Parallel Lives (Sertorius, 75 AD) referring to the military commander Quintus Sertorius (d. 72 BC), relates that after his return to Cádiz, he met sailors who spoke of idyllic Atlantic islands: "The islands are said to be two in number separated by a very narrow strait and lie 10,000 furlongs (2,011.68 km) from Africa. They are called the Isles of the Blest." Archeological evidence suggests that the islands may have been visited by the Vikings sometime between AD 900 and 1030.

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Related Images

Image Name
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Great Eastern (1865) (1865)
A History of Madeira - Members of the Senate (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Telegraph House, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland : Interior of Mess-Room 1858 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Paying-Out Machinery (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Looking Up Thorsmork (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] (1865) (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - Front Cover (1909)
A History of Madeira - Lay Sisters of the Order of the Lady of Mount Carmel (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - H.M.S. Agamemnon Laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable in 1858 : A Whale Crosses the Line (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Front Cover (1821)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Visiting Among the Ladies at Funchal (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Country Musicians (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Foilhummerum Bay Bay, Valentia, from Cornwall Fort : The Caro-Line and Boats Laying the Earth-Wire, Jul 21 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Front Cover (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Eyjafell from Barkarstadir (1899)
A History of Madeira - Rural Occupations (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Getting Out One of the Large Buoys for Launching, August 2 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Horn at Sunrise (1899)
A History of Madeira - An Officer and Private of the Garrison of Funchal (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Cliffs, Foilhummerum Bay : Point of the Landing of the Shore End of Cable, July 22 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Title Page - Weighing Anchor off the Maplin Sands, Nore, July 15, 1865 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Plantation House (1857)
A History of Madeira - A Franciscan Friar Collecting Donations for His Convent (1821)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Descent of Arnardals Skarth (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Atlantic Telegraph [Map] (1865) (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Splicing the Cable (After the First Accident) on Board the Great Eastern, July 25 (1865)
A History of Madeira - A Prior of the Order of St. Francis and a Lay Brother (1821)
A History of Madeira - Priests in Different Attire (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Forge on Deck : Night of August 9 : Preparing the Iron Plating for Capstan (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Fishermen (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Oak Bank (1857)
A History of Madeira - Title Page (1821)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Melstad and Reykir (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Cable Passed from the Works into the Hulk Lying in the Thames at Greenwich (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - Title Page (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Coiling the Cable in the Large Tanks at the Works at Green-Wich (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Back Cover (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Views of Lower Part of James Town (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Trinity Bay, Newfoundland : Exterior View of Telegraph House in 1857-1858 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Coiling the Cable in the After-Tank on Board the Great Eastern at Sheerness : Visit of H.R.H. The Prince of Wales on May 24. (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Napoleon's Tomb (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Franciscan Friar on a Journey (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Costume Peculiar to some of the Western inhabitants of the Island (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - Map Showing the Proposed Ocean Telegraphs and Overland Route Round the World (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Lady and Her Servant Going to Church (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)

Related Maps

Map Name
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)

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