History Archive Icon

History Archive

Atlantic Ocean

Collections > Regions > Atlantic Ocean Collection

Atlantic Ocean Collection

History Archive - Atlantic Ocean Collection

The islands of the Atlantic Ocean are - except for those in one concentrated region - scattered far and wide, with little in common but their relative obscurity.

The most numerous group of islands are the so-called West Indies and their neighbors, located southeast of North America, east of Central America, and north of South America. Although part of the Atlantic, this sea forms its own region: the Caribbean.

Geologically, the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Lucayan island chain are in the Atlantic Ocean but are culturally and tourism-wise considered part of the Caribbean (West Indies) and listed as such.

The near-polar islands to the far north and south are covered here among the islands of the Arctic Ocean (Arctic) and Southern Ocean (Antarctica). The remaining islands of the Atlantic run rather intermittently from the southwestern tip of Europe, past West Africa, across the equator, to the open waters of the South Atlantic:

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

Plutarch in his Parallel Lives (Sertorius, 75 AD) referring to the military commander Quintus Sertorius (d. 72 BC), relates that after his return to Cádiz, he met sailors who spoke of idyllic Atlantic islands: "The islands are said to be two in number separated by a very narrow strait and lie 10,000 furlongs (2,011.68 km) from Africa. They are called the Isles of the Blest." Archeological evidence suggests that the islands may have been visited by the Vikings sometime between AD 900 and 1030.

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Related Images

Image Name
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Great Eastern (1865) (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Rural Occupations (1821)
A History of Madeira - Priests in Different Attire (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Cable Passed from the Works into the Hulk Lying in the Thames at Greenwich (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - In the Bows, August 2 : The Cable Broken and Lost : Preparing to Grapple (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Kornsa (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Title Page - Weighing Anchor off the Maplin Sands, Nore, July 15, 1865 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - H.M.S. Agamemnon Laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable in 1858 : A Whale Crosses the Line (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Interior of One of the Tanks on Board the Great Eastern : Cable Passing Out (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Looking Up Thorsmork (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Title Page (1899)
Views of St. Helena - Title Page (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Coiling the Cable in the After-Tank on Board the Great Eastern at Sheerness : Visit of H.R.H. The Prince of Wales on May 24. (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Bringing Wine to Town when Clear (1821)
A History of Madeira - A Lady and Her Servant Going to Church (1821)
A History of Madeira - A Farmer and His Daughter Going to Town (1821)
A History of Madeira - Members of the Senate (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Old Frigate with Her Freight of Cable Alongside the Great Eastern at Sheerness (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Fishermen (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Kongsbakki Bjarnarhsn in the Distance (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Getting Out One of the Large Buoys for Launching, August 2 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - The Briars (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Longwood Old House (1857)
Views of St. Helena - Front view of Longwood Old House (1857)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Logberg and Thingvalla Vatn (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Back Cover (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Front Cover (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Prior of the Order of St. Francis and a Lay Brother (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Drilling (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Country Musicians (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Peasants Going to Market (1821)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Borg (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - View of James Town from the road leading to the Briars (1857)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Foilhummerum Bay Bay, Valentia, from Cornwall Fort : The Caro-Line and Boats Laying the Earth-Wire, Jul 21 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Visiting Among the Ladies at Funchal (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Back Cover (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Book Display (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] (1865) (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Horn at Sunrise (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)

Related Maps

Map Name
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)

Regions

View All Regions