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Fiji Collection

History Archive - Fiji Collection

Fiji is an island in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

Located in the central Pacific Ocean, Fiji's geography has made it both a destination and a crossroads for migrations for many centuries. Its closest neighbors are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.

Fiji consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands, of which 110 are permanently inhabited-and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18,300 square kilometers (7,100 sq mi). The two most important islands are Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, which account for about three-quarters of the total land area of the country. Viti Levu is the site of the capital city of Suva.

The islands are mountainous, with peaks up to 1,324 meters (4,341 ft), and covered with thick tropical forests. The climate in Fiji is tropical marine and warm year round with minimal extremes. Rainfall is variable, with the warm season experiencing heavier rainfall, especially inland. Winds are moderate, though cyclones occur about once a year.

Humans have lived in Fiji since the second millennium BC-first Austronesians and later Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences. Europeans visited Fiji from the 17th century onwards,[20] and, after a brief period as an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874. Fiji operated as a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence as the Dominion of Fiji.

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Related Images

Image Name
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - View in Moala, Fiji (1880)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Chiefs in War Dress and Paint, Devil Country, Viti Levu, Fiji (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Back Cover (1912)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - A Map of Fiji and New Caledonia (1880)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Title Page (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Aitutagata, the Hereditary Assassins of King Malietoa - Sapapali, Savaii, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Men Bathing in the River Near the Sea - Onomea, Island of Hawaii (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Mountain Hut or House at Waikumbukumbu, Fiji (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Samoan Courtship (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Taupo Dancing the Standing Siva, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - A Stufy of Huts at End of Village, Matakula, Fiji (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Uatea Dancing the Sitting Siva (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Buttresses of the First Christian Church and Tomb of Siga in the Reef, Sapapali, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Taupo and Attendants Dancing in Open Air - Iva in Savaii, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Fayaway Sails Her Boat, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Peak of Mauna Roa, Island of More, Society Islands, Tahiti (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Fagalo and Sue Wrestling, Vaiala, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Young Tahitian Girl (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Presentation of Gifts of Good at Iva in Savaii, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Soldiers Bringing Presents of Food in Military Order - Iva in Savaii, Samoa (1912)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - A New Caledonian Chief's Residence (1880)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Mekke-Mekke, A Story Dance - The Musicians at Reva, Fiji (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - The Boy, Sopo, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - The Papa Sees or Sliding Rock Fagalo - Sliding Waterfall, Vaiala, Samoa (1912)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - Title Page (1880)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Study of Sur Breaking on Outside Reef, Tautira, Taiarapu, Tahiti (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Boy in Canoe Passing in Front of Our House, Vaiala, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Ratu Mandrae, Fijian Chief (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Front Cover (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Sun Coming Over Mountains - Early Morning, Uponohu (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - The Flute Player, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - The Dance of War, Fiji (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Tulafales Speech Making Vao-Vao, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Two Taupos Dancing a Game of Ball, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Beginning of Desert Island of Hawaii (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Edge of Village of Nasogo in Mountain of the Northeast of Viti Levu, Fiji (1912)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - Front Cover (1880)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Mataafas Cook House From Our Hut at Vaiala, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - The Diadem Mountain, Tahiti (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Swimming Dance, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Girl Sliding Down Waterfall - Banana Leaf Around Her Body, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Samoan Girl Carrying Palm Branch (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - South Sea Seated Dance at Night, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Crater of Kilauea and the Lava Bed, Hawaii (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Practising the Seated Dance at Night, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Girl Weeding in Front of Our House, Vaiala, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Trees on Moonlight, Honolulu, Hawaii (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Sifa Dancing the Sitting Siva (1912)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - Interior of a Fijian House (1880)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Fijian Boy (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Maua Study of One of Our Boat Crew, Apia, Samoa (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Tonga Girl with Fan (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - From Our Hut at Vao-Vai, Samoa (1912)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - Back Cover (1880)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Joli Buti - Teacher, Fiji (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Edge of the Aorai Mountain Covered with Cloud, Midday, Papeete, Tahiti (1912)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Beginning of Village Dawn, Matakula, Fiji (1912)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - A New Caledonian Native (1880)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Central Cone of Volcano, Kilauea, Hawaii (1912)

Related Maps

Map Name
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - A Map of Fiji and New Caledonia (1880)

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