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Near East

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Near East Collection

History Archive - Near East Collection

The Near East is a geographical term that roughly encompasses a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa). Despite having varying definitions within different academic circles, the term was originally applied to the maximum extent of the Ottoman Empire.

In about the middle of the 19th century Near East came into use to describe that part of the east closest to Europe. The term Far East appeared contemporaneously meaning Japan, China, Korea, Indonesia and Vietnam. Near East applied to what had been mainly known as the Levant, which was in the jurisdiction of the Ottoman Porte, or government. Those who used the term had little choice about its meaning. They could not set foot on most of the shores of the southern and central Mediterranean from the Gulf of Sidra to Albania without permits from the Ottoman Empire.

Some regions beyond the Ottoman Porte were included. One was North Africa west of Egypt. It was occupied by piratical kingdoms of the Barbary Coast, de facto-independent since the 18th century, formerly part of the empire at its apogee. Iran was included because it could not easily be reached except through the Ottoman Empire or neighboring Russia. In the 1890s the term tended to focus on the conflicts in the Balkan states and Armenia. The demise of "the sick man of Europe" left considerable confusion as to what was to be meant by "Near East". It is now generally used only in historical contexts, to describe the countries of Western Asia from the Mediterranean to (or including) Iran. There is, in short, no universally-understood fixed inventory of nations, languages or historical assets defined to be in it.

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At the beginning of the 19th century the Ottoman Empire included all of the Balkan Peninsula south to the southern edge of the Hungarian Plain, but by 1914 had lost all of it except Constantinople and Eastern Thrace to the rise of nationalist Balkan states, which saw the independence of Greece, Serbia, the Danubian Principalities and Bulgaria. Up until 1912, the Ottomans retained a band of territory including Albania, Macedonia and Southern Thrace, which were lost in the two Balkan Wars of 1912-13.

The Ottoman Empire, believed to be about to collapse, was portrayed in the press as the "sick man of Europe". The Balkan states, with the partial exception of Bosnia and Albania, were primarily Christian, as was the majority of Lebanon. Starting in 1894, the Ottomans struck at the Armenians on the explicit grounds that they were a non-Muslim people and as such were a potential threat to the Muslim empire within which they resided.

The Hamidian Massacres aroused the indignation of the entire Christian world. In the United States the now aging Julia Ward Howe, author of the Battle Hymn of the Republic, leaped into the war of words and joined the Red Cross. Relations of minorities within the Ottoman Empire and the disposition of former Ottoman lands became known as the "Eastern Question", as the Ottomans were on the east of Europe.

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Book Title Date
Near East - Views in India, China, and on the Shores of the Red Sea Views in India, China, and on the Shores of the Red Sea 1835
Near East - The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 3 & 4 The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 3 & 4 1855
Near East - Voyage a l'Oasis de Syouah Voyage a l'Oasis de Syouah 1823
Near East - Sandys Travels Sandys Travels 1673
Near East - Travels in Lycia, Milyas, and the Cibyratis Vol. 1 Travels in Lycia, Milyas, and the Cibyratis Vol. 1 1847
Near East - Voyage de l'Arabie Pétrée Voyage de l'Arabie Pétrée 1830
Near East - Antiquities of the Orient Unveiled Antiquities of the Orient Unveiled 1873
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 12 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 12 1904
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 5 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 5 1900
Near East - The Banks of the Nile The Banks of the Nile 1913
Near East - Egyptian Sepulchres and Syrian Shrines Vol. 2 Egyptian Sepulchres and Syrian Shrines Vol. 2 1862
Near East - Egypt: Descriptive, Historical, and Picturesque Vol. 2 Egypt: Descriptive, Historical, and Picturesque Vol. 2 1881
Near East - Elbicei atika : Musee des Anciens Costumes Turcs de Constantinople Elbicei atika : Musee des Anciens Costumes Turcs de Constantinople 1855
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 2 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 2 1900
Near East - Voyage Pittoresque de Constantinople et des Rives du Bosphore Vol. 1 Voyage Pittoresque de Constantinople et des Rives du Bosphore Vol. 1 1819
Near East - The Costume of Turkey The Costume of Turkey 1802
Near East - The Land of Midian (Revisited) Vol. 2 The Land of Midian (Revisited) Vol. 2 1879
Near East - Out-of-Doors in the Holy Land Out-of-Doors in the Holy Land 1908
Near East - Recueil de Cent Estampes Representant Differentes Nations du Levant Recueil de Cent Estampes Representant Differentes Nations du Levant 1714
Near East - Egyptian Sepulchres and Syrian Shrines Vol. 1 Egyptian Sepulchres and Syrian Shrines Vol. 1 1862
Near East - Exploration Archeologique de la Galatie et de la Bithynie Vol. 2 Exploration Archeologique de la Galatie et de la Bithynie Vol. 2 1862
Near East - Constantinople Painted and Described Constantinople Painted and Described 1906
Near East - A Relation of a Journey Begun An: Dom: 1610 A Relation of a Journey Begun An: Dom: 1610 1621
Near East - Anatolica Anatolica 1874
Near East - Constantinople Ancient and Modern Constantinople Ancient and Modern 1797
Near East - A Second Journey Through Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor A Second Journey Through Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor 1818
Near East - Voyage Pittoresque a Travers l'Isthme de Suez Voyage Pittoresque a Travers l'Isthme de Suez 1870
Near East - Travels in European Turkey Vol. 1 Travels in European Turkey Vol. 1 1851
Near East - Under the Syrian Sun Vol. 2 Under the Syrian Sun Vol. 2 1907
Near East - Promenades Pittoresques dans Constantinople Atlas Promenades Pittoresques dans Constantinople Atlas 1817
Near East - The Land of Israel The Land of Israel 1876
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 11 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 11 1904
Near East - Views in the Ottoman Dominions Views in the Ottoman Dominions 1810
Near East - Plates Illustrative of the Researches and Operations of G. Belzoni Plates Illustrative of the Researches and Operations of G. Belzoni 1820
Near East - The Land of Midian (Revisited) Vol. 1 The Land of Midian (Revisited) Vol. 1 1879
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 3 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 3 1900
Near East - Byzantine Architecture Byzantine Architecture 1864
Near East - Scenes in the East Scenes in the East 1870
Near East - Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 3 Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 3 1820
Near East - Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 1809
Near East - The Tomb of Alexander The Tomb of Alexander 1805
Near East - Views in the Ottoman Empire Views in the Ottoman Empire 1803
Near East - Below the Cataracts Below the Cataracts 1907
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 8 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 8 1900
Near East - L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 5 L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 5 1814
Near East - Ninive et l'Assyrie Vol. 2 Ninive et l'Assyrie Vol. 2 1870
Near East - The Dead Sea, a New Route to India Vol. 1 The Dead Sea, a New Route to India Vol. 1 1855
Near East - The Military Costume of Turkey The Military Costume of Turkey 1818
Near East - The Holy Land, Painted and Described The Holy Land, Painted and Described 1902
Near East - Les Ruines de Palmyre Les Ruines de Palmyre 1753
Near East - Histoire de l'Egypte sous le Gouvernement de Mohammed-Aly Vol. 1 Histoire de l'Egypte sous le Gouvernement de Mohammed-Aly Vol. 1 1823
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 1 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 1 1900
Near East - The Present State of the Ottoman Empire The Present State of the Ottoman Empire 1668
Near East - Kitab-ı Bahriye [Book of Navigation] Kitab-ı Bahriye [Book of Navigation] 1525
Near East - The Oriental Album The Oriental Album 1862
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 6 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 6 1900
Near East - Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 1809
Near East - Six New Plates Illustrative of the Researches and Operations Six New Plates Illustrative of the Researches and Operations 1822
Near East - The River Jordan : Pictorial and Descriptive The River Jordan : Pictorial and Descriptive 1858
Near East - The Redemption of Egypt The Redemption of Egypt 1899
Near East - Damascus and Palmyra Vol. 2 Damascus and Palmyra Vol. 2 1838
Near East - Under the Flag of the Orient Under the Flag of the Orient 1897
Near East - Antiquities of the Orient Unveiled Antiquities of the Orient Unveiled 1875
Near East - Travels in European Turkey Vol. 2 Travels in European Turkey Vol. 2 1851
Near East - Egypt, Painted and Described Egypt, Painted and Described 1902
Near East - Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 1809
Near East - Promenades Pittoresques dans Constantinople Vol. 1 Promenades Pittoresques dans Constantinople Vol. 1 1815
Near East - Palestine Illustrated Palestine Illustrated 1888
Near East - The Ruins of Balbec The Ruins of Balbec 1757
Near East - Ninive et l'Assyrie Vol. 3 Ninive et l'Assyrie Vol. 3 1867
Near East - L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 4 L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 4 1814
Near East - Palestine, Past and Present. Pictorial and Descriptive Palestine, Past and Present. Pictorial and Descriptive 1890
Near East - Narrative of the United States' Expedition to the River Jordan and the Dead Sea Narrative of the United States' Expedition to the River Jordan and the Dead Sea 1849
Near East - Das Wieder Erstehende Babylon Das Wieder Erstehende Babylon 1913
Near East - Histoire de l'Egypte sous le Gouvernement de Mohammed-Aly Vol. 2 Histoire de l'Egypte sous le Gouvernement de Mohammed-Aly Vol. 2 1823
Near East - L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 2 L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 2 1814
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 13 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 13 1904
Near East - The Antiquities, Natural History, Ruins, and Other Curiosities of Egypt The Antiquities, Natural History, Ruins, and Other Curiosities of Egypt 1780
Near East - Promenades Pittoresques dans Constantinople Vol. 3 Promenades Pittoresques dans Constantinople Vol. 3 1815
Near East - Promenades Pittoresques dans Constantinople Vol. 2 Promenades Pittoresques dans Constantinople Vol. 2 1815
Near East - A Description of some Ancient Monuments in Lydia and Phyrgia A Description of some Ancient Monuments in Lydia and Phyrgia 1842
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 10 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 10 1904
Near East - The Dardanelles : Colour Sketches from Gallipoli The Dardanelles : Colour Sketches from Gallipoli 1915
Near East - The Home of Fadeless Splendour or, Palestine of Today The Home of Fadeless Splendour or, Palestine of Today 1921
Near East - L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 6 L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 6 1814
Near East - Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 1 Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 1 1822
Near East - Under the Syrian Sun Vol. 1 Under the Syrian Sun Vol. 1 1907
Near East - Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land 1915
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 9 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 9 1900
Near East - The Ruins of Palmyra The Ruins of Palmyra 1753
Near East - The Near East; Dalmatia, Greece and Constantinople The Near East; Dalmatia, Greece and Constantinople 1913
Near East - Incidents of Travel in Egypt, Arabia Petraea, and the Holy Land Incidents of Travel in Egypt, Arabia Petraea, and the Holy Land 1839
Near East - The Rob Roy on the Jordan The Rob Roy on the Jordan 1869
Near East - L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 1 L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 1 1814
Near East - Picturesque Scenery in the Holy Land and Syria Picturesque Scenery in the Holy Land and Syria 1823
Near East - Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 1825
Near East - Voyage a l'Oasis de Thebes Voyage a l'Oasis de Thebes 1821
Near East - The Excavations at Babylon The Excavations at Babylon 1914
Near East - Travels in Lycia, Milyas, and the Cibyratis Vol. 2 Travels in Lycia, Milyas, and the Cibyratis Vol. 2 1847
Near East - Damascus and Palmyra Vol. 1 Damascus and Palmyra Vol. 1 1838
Near East - Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 2 Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 2 1822
Near East - The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 5 & 6 The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 5 & 6 1855
Near East - Voyage Pittoresque de Constantinople et des Rives du Bosphore Vol. 2 Voyage Pittoresque de Constantinople et des Rives du Bosphore Vol. 2 1819
Near East - The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 1 & 2 The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 1 & 2 1855
Near East - Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 1 Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 1 1820
Near East - Interesting Views in Turkey Interesting Views in Turkey 1819
Near East - Views in Egypt Views in Egypt 1801
Near East - The Principal Ruins of Asia Minor The Principal Ruins of Asia Minor 1865
Near East - Egypt: Descriptive, Historical, and Picturesque Vol. 1 Egypt: Descriptive, Historical, and Picturesque Vol. 1 1881
Near East - Sketches in the East Drawn on Stone Sketches in the East Drawn on Stone 1856
Near East - Voyage des Souverains du Canal du Suez Voyage des Souverains du Canal du Suez 1870
Near East - Clouds in the East Clouds in the East 1876
Near East - A Pilgrimage to Egypt A Pilgrimage to Egypt 1897
Near East - Narrative of the Operations and Recent Discoveries Narrative of the Operations and Recent Discoveries 1820
Near East - Voyage en Perse Vol. 1 Voyage en Perse Vol. 1 1825
Near East - Les Ruines de Balbec Les Ruines de Balbec 1757
Near East - L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 3 L'Egypte et la Syrie, ou, Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 3 1814
Near East - Voyage a Athenes et a Constantinopole Voyage a Athenes et a Constantinopole 1825
Near East - From Damascus to Palmyra From Damascus to Palmyra 1908
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 7 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 7 1900
Near East - Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 2 Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 2 1820
Near East - Visit to Alexandria, Damascus, and Jerusalem Visit to Alexandria, Damascus, and Jerusalem 1835
Near East - A Visit to the Suez Canal A Visit to the Suez Canal 1866
Near East - A Journey Through Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor A Journey Through Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor 1812
Near East - Views in Palestine Views in Palestine 1804
Near East - The Dead Sea, a New Route to India Vol. 2 The Dead Sea, a New Route to India Vol. 2 1855
Near East - History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene 1864
Near East - History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 4 History of Egypt, Chaldea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria Vol. 4 1900
Near East - Four Months in a Dahabeeh Four Months in a Dahabeeh 1863
Near East - A Pilgrimage to the Temples and Tombs of Egypt, Nubia, and Palestine A Pilgrimage to the Temples and Tombs of Egypt, Nubia, and Palestine 1846
Near East - Histoire de l'Egypte sous le Gouvernement de Mohammed-Aly [Atlas] Histoire de l'Egypte sous le Gouvernement de Mohammed-Aly [Atlas] 1823
Near East - Ninive et l'Assyrie Vol. 1 Ninive et l'Assyrie Vol. 1 1870
Near East - A Journey from London to Persepolis A Journey from London to Persepolis 1865
Near East - The Land of Israel The Land of Israel 1865

Related Images

Image Name
The Land of Israel - At Ain Feshkhah, North-West Side of Dead Sea (1865)
History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene - Bacchus (1864)
History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene - Aphrodite and Eros (1864)
Recueil de Cent Estampes Representant Differentes Nations du Levant - Bey Capitaine de Galere (1714)
From Damascus to Palmyra - Back Cover (1908)
Constantinople Painted and Described - Gypsy Basket-Maker (1906)
Byzantine Architecture - The Silver Ciborium in the Church of St. Demetrius (1864)
History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene - Minerva and a Male Head (1864)
Egypt, Painted and Described - Balak from Ghezireh (1902)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 5 & 6 - Interior of the Mosque of the Sultan El Ghoree (1855)
Voyage Pittoresque a Travers l'Isthme de Suez - Chalet du Vice-Roi (1870)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 5 & 6 - Persian Water-Wheel Used for Immigration in Nubia (1855)
Voyage Pittoresque de Constantinople et des Rives du Bosphore Vol. 2 - No. 33. Troisième vue du Bosphore, prise à Kandilly (1819)
The Banks of the Nile - The Bazaar, Assuan (1913)
Plates Illustrative of the Researches and Operations of G. Belzoni - Scite of the Sakiet, in the Mountains of Emeralds, or Zobara, on the road to the Red Sea (1820)
The Banks of the Nile - Elephantine Island and Assuan from the Sirdar's Island (1913)
Palestine, Past and Present. Pictorial and Descriptive - The Hills of Bashan (1890)
The Banks of the Nile - The Temple of Karnak (1913)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 5 & 6 - Fragment of the Great Colossus at the Menonium, Thebes (1855)
Four Months in a Dahabeeh - The Temple of Dom Ombo and the Dahabeeh Cairo (1863)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - Mountains of Tigre from Dixan (1809)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 3 & 4 - Obelisk at Luxor (1855)
The Dead Sea, a New Route to India Vol. 2 - Inscription on the Tomb of Salah ed Deen (1855)
History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene - Our Workmen, Saleh Mohammed and Abdullah (1864)
Constantinople Painted and Described - Grand Bazaar, Stamboul (1906)
Byzantine Architecture - The Church of St. Nicholas at Myra (1864)
Constantinople Painted and Described - Roumeli Hissar (1906)
Byzantine Architecture - Plan of the Temple of Baal at Cavesus, in Syria (1864)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Part 2nd, Chart of the Red Sea (1809)
The Banks of the Nile - Fishing-Boats on the Nile (1913)
The Dardanelles : Colour Sketches from Gallipoli - Troops Landing at "C" Beach, August 7 (1915)
Egyptian Sepulchres and Syrian Shrines Vol. 1 - Triumphal Arch of Tadmor (1862)
Egyptian Sepulchres and Syrian Shrines Vol. 2 - Stone Found at Tell-Hum (1862)
Picturesque Scenery in the Holy Land and Syria - A Burial Place at Beirut (1823)
Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 3 - Head Dress of the Women of Mitylen and Maronite Women of Mount Lebanon (1820)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 5 & 6 - Title Page - Volume 6 (Vignette: Scene in a Street in Cairo) (1855)
Views in India, China, and on the Shores of the Red Sea - Akbars Tomb, Secundra (1835)
The Land of Midian (Revisited) Vol. 1 - Hieroglyphics I (1879)
The Costume of Turkey - The Grand Vizier (1802)
Views in India, China, and on the Shores of the Red Sea - Ruins, South Side of Old Delhi (1835)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 - Title Page (1809)
Views in the Ottoman Empire - Sarcophagi & Sepulchres at the Head of the Harbour of Caramo (1803)
From Damascus to Palmyra - At Salehiyeh (1908)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 5 & 6 - A Group at the Entrance of the Temple of Amun at Goorna, Thebes (1855)
History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene - Benghazi (1864)
Views in the Ottoman Dominions - Ancient Cisternin Val di Noto (1810)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 3 & 4 - Temple of Edfou, Ancient Apollinopolis, Upper Egypt (1855)
Voyage des Souverains du Canal du Suez - Front Cover (1870)
Byzantine Architecture - Mosaic Pavements [II] (1864)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 3 & 4 - Tomb of Aarob, Summit of Mount Hor (1855)
Recueil de Cent Estampes Representant Differentes Nations du Levant - Armenien de Perse (1714)
From Damascus to Palmyra - A Cobbler, Damascus (1908)
A Journey from London to Persepolis - Bedoween crossing the Tigris with plunder (1865)
Voyage Pittoresque de Constantinople et des Rives du Bosphore Vol. 2 - No. 34. Vue des anciens châteaux d'Europe et d'Asie, sur le point le plus étroit du Bosphore (1819)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 5 & 6 - The Minarets of the Bab Zuweyleh, and Entrance to the Mosque of the Metalis, Cairo (1855)
The Redemption of Egypt - Front Cover (1899)
Recueil de Cent Estampes Representant Differentes Nations du Levant - Hongroise (1714)
The Dardanelles : Colour Sketches from Gallipoli - Looking Towards the Village of Anafarta (1915)
Byzantine Architecture - View of Perge (1864)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 1 & 2 - Chapel of St. Helena - Crypt of the Holy Sepulchre (1855)
From Damascus to Palmyra - Straight Street, Damascus (1908)
From Damascus to Palmyra - The Small Temple, Baalbek. Exterior (1908)
Egypt, Painted and Described - Pylon at Karnak (1902)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 3 & 4 - Ayun Musa - The Wells of Moses - Wilderness of Tyh (1855)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 3 & 4 - The Arch Across the Ravine, Petra (1855)
Voyage Pittoresque a Travers l'Isthme de Suez - Book Display (1870)
Views in the Ottoman Dominions - Base of a Colossal Column Near Syracuse (1810)
From Damascus to Palmyra - Bedouin Tents. From a Photograph (1908)
The Oriental Album - Jewish Marriage (1862)
Constantinople Ancient and Modern - Sketch of the Geography of the Troad (1797)
Below the Cataracts - An Arab Doorway (1907)
Egypt, Painted and Described - Back Cover (1902)
Views in the Ottoman Empire - Women of Caramania (1803)
The Costume of Turkey - A Turkish Lady in her Wedding Dress (1802)
History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene - Interior of Mohammed El Douly's Tent (1864)
Views in the Ottoman Empire - A Caramanian Family changing it's Abode (1803)
Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 1 - Turkish Arabah (1820)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 - Obelisk at Axum (1809)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 1 & 2 - The Circular Temple, Baalbec (1855)
Voyage a Athenes et a Constantinopole - Le Garde des Sceaux d'Ali-Pacha (1825)
The Banks of the Nile - Arabic Cemetery, Assuan (1913)
Voyage a l'Oasis de Syouah - Vue de la Ville de Syouah, du Cote du Sud (1823)
Voyage Pittoresque de Constantinople et des Rives du Bosphore Vol. 2 - Title Page (1819)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 1 & 2 - The Shrine of the Holy Sepulchre (1855)
Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 - View of the Village in Valentia (1809)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 1 & 2 - Tiberias, from the Walls; Safed in the Distance (1855)
From Damascus to Palmyra - Tomb of Saladin, Exterior (1908)
The Costume of Turkey - A Page of the Grand Signior (1802)
Palestine Illustrated - Samaria (1888)
Byzantine Architecture - Plan of the Cathedral of Bozrah, in the Haouran (1864)
Under the Syrian Sun Vol. 1 - South Peristyle of the Temple of Jupiter (1907)
Views in the Ottoman Empire - A Caramanian Waiwode (1803)
Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 3 - Smyrna (1820)
Views in Palestine - A Maronite Monk & Pilgrims (1804)
Constantinople Painted and Described - Carpet Warehouse (1906)
Palestine Illustrated - Bethel (1888)
Picturesque Scenery in the Holy Land and Syria - A Dance at Genin (1823)
Plates Illustrative of the Researches and Operations of G. Belzoni - From the kings tombs in Thebes (1820)
History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene - Tomb in the Northern Necropolis (1864)
Byzantine Architecture - View of the Temple of Bacchus at Laodicea (Lattakia) (1864)

Related Maps

Map Name
Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 1 - Map of Greece and the Archipelago (1820)
Journal of a Tour in the Levant Vol. 3 - Map of the Countries on the East Coast of the Mediterranean Sea (1820)
Palestine Illustrated - Modern Palestine (1888)
Palestine Illustrated - The Central Ridge of Palestine (1888)
Palestine Illustrated - The City of Jerusalem (Modern) (1888)
Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 - Carte de la Perse Pour le Voyage du Colonel G Dourville 1819 (1825)
History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene - Cyrenaica Corrected from the Surveys of Capt's Smyth, Beechy and Spratt (1864)
History of the Recent Discoveries at Cyrene - Cyrenaica Corrected from the Surveys of Capt's Smyth, Beechy and Spratt (1864)
Voyage a l'Oasis de Syouah - Carte de l'Oasis de Syouah (1823)
The Land of Midian (Revisited) Vol. 2 - Map of the Land of Midian (1879)
The Dead Sea, a New Route to India Vol. 1 - Map of Palestine with Portions of Syria (1855)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 3 & 4 - Map to Illustrate Mr. Robert's Route (1855)
The Holy Land : Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt & Nubia Vols. 5 & 6 - Map of the Valley of the Nile (1855)
A Pilgrimage to Egypt - Egypt Map (1897)
A Pilgrimage to Egypt - Sketch Map of Lower Egypt (1897)
A Visit to the Suez Canal - Sketch Map of the Suez Canal (1866)
The Land of Israel - Routes in the Holy Land by the Rev'd H. B. Tristram (1865)
The Land of Israel - The Dead Sea to Illustrate the Routes and Observations of the Rev'd H. B. Tristram (1865)

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