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New Guinea

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New Guinea Collection

History Archive - New Guinea Collection

New Guinea or Papua is the second largest island in the world, lies 80 miles northeast of Queensland, Australia, at the southwest of the Pacific Ocean. Its length is 1490 miles, its greatest breadth 410, its estimated area over 312,000 square miles. Its population in the early 1900s is estimated as 560,000.

It was first discovered for Europeans by Abreu of Portugal in 1501, and has been visited repeatedly ever since. Naturalists were the first to explore the interior, Wallace being the pioneer in 1858, and doing world-famous work. Missionaries came next, and five Protestant and Roman Catholic societies are in the field.

The Dutch were the first to colonize (1827), the Germans proclaimed a protectorate in 1884, and Great Britain, inspired by anxious Australia, made annexations in 1885. Dutch New Guinea is the part of the island west of 141° E. long, and covers 151,789 square miles, and perhaps has 200,000 native inhabitants. German New Guinea or Kaiser Wilhelm's Land is the northern half of the eastern region, containing 70,000 square miles and having 15,232 natives.

British New Guinea or the Territory of Papua consisted of the southeastern portion of the island, with an area of 90,540 square miles and a population of 350,000 natives. The Australian commonwealth took control in 1901. The Dutch have done little for their territory; but the Germans are developing theirs through a company, though the imperial government administers public affairs; and the Australians have reduced many districts of the Territory of Papua to order and made tribes in large areas settle down to industry.

New Guinea is irregular in shape, consisting of a broad center from which a narrow peninsula runs southeastward and another to the northwest. The coasts are mostly lofty, but parts of the western shore are marshy flats covered with dense forests. The outline is broken by many indentations, but good harbors are rare. Mountain-ranges traverse the island, Mt. Owen Stanley in the southeast rising 13,205 feet, while in the northwest there are heights of over 20,000 feet, covered with perpetual snow, and active volcanoes.

There are four or five large rivers. The animals, except a native pig and native mice, are marsupials and monotremes. Birds abound in amazing profusion and variety. The forests are filled with enormous trees, including the camphor. Bananas, cocoanuts, maize, rice, sago, sugarcane and yams are cultivated. The chief exports are coffee, copra, gold, pearls and pearl-shells, sandalwood and trepang. The bulk of the natives are Papuans, who are not unlike the Negroes of African Guinea, but Malay settlements are numerous on the western coast. The Papuans mainly are at a low stage of culture. Some are fierce and untractable, others friendly in disposition.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work pg. 1325 (1914)

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Related Images

Image Name
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Leaving Santo, a view of the Mountains, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Beneath a Banyan Tree, Malekula Island, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - In the Pile Dwellings at Hanuabada, Port Moresby British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Off to the Dubu Dance - British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Natives of the New Hebrides having a Drink (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Title Page (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Lagoon in New Florida, Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Tree House in British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Sacred Man, Aoba, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Mount Marion, the active Volcano, Island of Ambryn, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Copra Boys off to the Shore, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Village in Santo, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Ingova's Head-hunters, British Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Old Women making Pottery, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Ready for the Dubu Dance (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Tattooing, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Solomon Islander playing the "Ivivu" or Flute (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Motu Village from the Sea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Native of British New Guinea, showing the manner of wearing the hair (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Motu Village, Port Moresby, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Native Archer shooting Fish, British Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Gold Miners leaving a trading ship, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A New Guinea Dandy (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Yam Shed on the Island of Tierra Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Kaivakuku, Roro Tribe, Central Division, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Memorial Effigy, Malekula, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Large Trading Canoes, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Solomon Island Boy climbing after green cocoa-nuts, near Gavutu, New Florida (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Rubiana Native, Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Home of the Crocodile, British Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Chief's House, Ambryn, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Johnnie Pratt with his Ivory Nuts at Simbo, Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Cooking the Meal, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Island of Samari, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Shrine or Tomb of a Chief at Simbo, Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Canoe showing the "Totoishu," New Georgia, Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Type of Man from the Island of Tanna, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Reef near Simbo, Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The "Blackbirders" in the Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Dubu at Rigo, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Portrait of a Solomon Island Cannibal (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Solomon Island Village, near Marau Sound, New Florida (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Drum Grove at Mele, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Stone "Demits," or the Souls, with their attendant wooden figures, Malekula Island, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Havannah Harbour, Rathmoy, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - On the Fringe of a primaeval Forest, Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Native of New Georgia wearing Sunshade ; a sort of crownless hat made of grasses it can be worn at any angle (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Trader receiving Cocoa-nuts, Aoba, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Front Cover (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The "M'aki" Ground and the Jaws of the sacred Pigs, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Early Morning, Gavutu, Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Tapu Virgin, British Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Woman with Baby in bag. Fairfax Island, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Island of Elevera from the Mission Station, Port Moresby, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Sacred Skull Shrines, British Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Rapids, Williams River, Island of Eromanga, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Harvest Dance, New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Off to Market, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Sketch Map of the South Sea Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Searching for small Octopi on the Reef at low tide, Samari, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Old War Canoes, near Malekula, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Finishing off a Canoe, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Old Cannibal Chief whom the Artist met on the Island of Aoba, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Spearing Fish, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Passing the Reef, Aoba, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Dinner Time at Kwato, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Stormy Day in Rubiana Lagoon, Solomon Islands (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Marine Village, Tupusuli, British New Guinea (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Artist's Guide on Malekula, New Hebrides (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - By Reef and Palm (1907)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Old Ingova's War Canoe House, Rubiana Lagoon, New Georgia, Solomon Islands (1907)

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