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Oceania

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Oceania Collection

History Archive - Oceania Collection

Oceania, collective name for the islands scattered throughout most of the Pacific Ocean. The term, in its widest sense, embraces the entire insular region between Asia and the Americas. A more common definition excludes the Ryukyu, Kuril, and Aleutian islands and the Japan archipelago.

The most popular usage delimits Oceania further by eliminating Indonesia, Taiwan, and the Philippines, because the peoples and cultures of those islands are more closely related historically to the Asian mainland. Oceania then, in its most restricted meaning, includes more than 10,000 islands, with a total land area (excluding Australia, but including Papua New Guinea and New Zealand) of approximately 317,700 square miles (822,800 square km).

Oceania has traditionally been divided into four parts: Australasia (Australia and New Zealand), Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. As recently as 33,000 years ago no human beings lived in the region, except in Australasia. Although disagreeing on details, scientists generally support a theory that calls for a Southeast Asian origin of island peoples.

By 2000 about 12 million islanders lived in Oceania (excluding Australia), and many indigenous cultures were revolutionized by intensive contact with non-Oceanic groups who had intruded from various parts of the Western world. (The arts of the region are discussed in several articles; see art and architecture, Oceanic; music and dance, Oceanic; and Oceanic literature.) Pop. (2001 est.) including Australia, 31,377,000.

References:

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Related Images

Image Name
The Melbourne Album - View on the Upper Mitta Mitta (1864)
Captain Cook's Three Voyages Round the World - Plate 7 (1895)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Front Cover (1907)
Captain Cook's Three Voyages Round the World - Front Cover (1895)
An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales - Party preparing to Bivouac (1826)
South Australia Illustrated - On the Barrossa Surveys, looking north, towards German Pass (1847)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Armes des peuples qui habitent pres du detroit de Behring (1822)
Australia Vol. 1 - Mount Toma, New South Wales (1873)
Hawaii, Old and New - Hawaiian Fisherman (1943)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Ko Tauwaki, a chief of the Tukanu, Ko Teonionga, a boy of Te Rapa. Taupo Lake (1847)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - View of Hobart Town (1825)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Vue dans l'interieur de l'Ile de Ste. Catherine (Bresil) (1826)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Habitants des isles Sandwich (1822)
South Australia Illustrated - Encampment of Native Women, near Cape Jervis (1847)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Toea, daughter of Te Awaitaia, chief of Waingaroa with an attendant boy, carrying water (1847)
The Melbourne Album - Sheepwash Creek, near Sandhurst (1863) (1864)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Kamtchadales (1822)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Old Women making Pottery, British New Guinea (1907)
South Australia Illustrated - Entomology of South Australia, Orthoptera, &c (1847)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Artist's Guide on Malekula, New Hebrides (1907)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Honi Heki and Patuone (1847)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Cathedral Peaks (1908)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - New Zealand (1867)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Objects (1822)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Fayaway Sails Her Boat, Samoa (1912)
Australia Vol. 2 - Baines River, Northern Australia (1873)
An Historical Account of the Colony of New South Wales - Corroboree or Dance of the Natives of New South Wales, New Holland (1821)
Australia Vol. 2 - The Derwent, Tasmania (1873)
Captain Cook's Three Voyages Round the World - Plate 12 (1895)
South Australia Illustrated - Entomology of South Australia Lepidoptera (1847)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 3 - Kadu (1821)
The Melbourne Album - Sandridge, from Hobson's Bay (1863) (1864)
South Australia Illustrated - View from Mount Lofty, looking over the Plains of Adelaide The Port and T Vincent's Gulf in the distance (1847)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Lawyer's Head (1908)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Entrevue avec les habitans des Iles Penrhyn (1826)
Australia Vol. 1 - Post Office, Melbourne (1873)
Sketches From Many Shores Visited by H.M.S. Challenger - Valley on the West Coast of Tahiti, between Papeete and Papeuriri (1878)
New Zealand; or Zealandia - Cottage of a Small Farmer, New Plymouth (1857)
Pioneers in Australasia - An Australian Aborigine Navigating a Raft (1912)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Tapu Virgin, British Solomon Islands (1907)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - The Table Mountain (1825)
Journal of a Cruise Among the Islands of the Western Pacific - Chief of Vate, New Hebrides (1853)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Back Cover (1828)
Hawaii, Old and New - Hala Tree, Hawaiian Islands (1943)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - Residence of John McArthur (1825)
South Australia Illustrated - Encounter Bay (1847)
Pioneers in Australasia - The Biggest of the Kangaroos (1912)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Negres de la cote Mosambique (1822)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Rangihaeata's Pah; with the Island of Mana and the opposite shores of Cook's Straits (1847)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Vue de l'ile de St. Paul dans la mer de Kamtchatka (avec des lions marins) (1826)
Sudsee-Erinnerungen - Canoe - Marshall Inseln (1883)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - The Rees Valley and Richardson Range (1908)
Australian Landscapes - Junction of the Buchan and Snowy Rivers, Gipps Land (1866)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - Lake Patterson, near Patterson's Plains (1825)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 2 - Inside of a House in the Radack Islands (1821)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Tree Ferns (1908)
South Australia Illustrated - The Aboriginal Inhabitants (1847)
The Melbourne Album - Mount Abrupt and the Grampians (1864) (1864)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Vue de l'isle de Paques (1826)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Guillemot a miroir blanc (1822)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Larik chef du groupe des isles Romanzoff (1822)
South Australia Illustrated - Kangaroo Hunting, near Port Lincoln Albert Park in the distance (1847)
South Australia Illustrated - The Aboriginal Inhabitants: Native Implements and Domestic Economy (1847)
An Account of the Pelew Islands - Title Page (1788)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 3 - Back Cover (1821)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - On the Pelorus River (1908)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - Front Cover (1867)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Nelson (1908)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Labeleloa. Chef du groupe des islrs Koutousoff Smolenski (1822)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Corbeilles des isles Aleoutiennes (1822)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - Mount Nelson near Hobart Town (1825)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - A Tiki at Raroera Pah (1847)
Australian Landscapes - Lake Illawarra, N.S.W. (1866)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Kaivakuku, Roro Tribe, Central Division, British New Guinea (1907)
An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales - Map of Part of New South Wales (1826)
Australia Vol. 2 - Title Page (1873)
An Historical Account of the Colony of New South Wales - A View of Hawkesbury and the Blue Mountains (1821)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Entree de la petite ville de Balanga, du cote de la mer (Ile Lucon, Philippines) (1828)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Cooking the Meal, British New Guinea (1907)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Edge of Village of Nasogo in Mountain of the Northeast of Viti Levu, Fiji (1912)
South Australia Illustrated - North Bend of the River Gawler (1847)
Hawaii, Old and New - Poi Pounder and Hula Maids (1943)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - House of Hiwikau, mother of Te Heuneu, and Falls of Ko Waihi, at Te Rapa, Tanpo Lake (1847)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Okahumoko Bay, Whangaroa (1908)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Weaving the Kaitaka (1908)
South Australia Illustrated - Grass Trees at Yankallillah, with the Red Kangaroo (1847)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - View of Windsor (1825)
Field Sports of the Native Inhabitants of New South Wales - The Dance (1813)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Aratiatia Rapids (1908)
Sketches From Many Shores Visited by H.M.S. Challenger - Village of Ngaloa, Kandavu Island, Fiji Islands (1878)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Mount Sefton (1908)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Front Cover (1912)
Captain Cook's Three Voyages Round the World - Plate 6 (1895)
The Melbourne Album - Flinders Street, from the Melbourne Railway Station (1864)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Guillemot a Capuchon (1822)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Fruit du Banquois, des iles Mariannes (1822)
Descriptive Account of the Panoramic View of King George's Sound - Panoramic View of King George's Sound [IV] (1834)
Australia Vol. 1 - Willoughby Falls, near Sydney (1873)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Finishing off a Canoe, British New Guinea (1907)
Pioneers in Australasia - The Malay Archipelago (1912)

Related Maps

Map Name
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 1 - Chart of Beering's Straits (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 1 - Chart of Course Taken by the Rurick (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 2 - Plan of the Group called Romanzoff's Islands (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 2 - Chart of the Islands of Radack and Ralick (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 3 - Chart of the Caroline Islands [I] (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 3 - Chart of the Caroline Islands [II] (1821)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - New Zealand (1867)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - The Southern Part of the Province of Auckland (1867)
Sketches From Many Shores Visited by H.M.S. Challenger - Chart Showing the Track of H.M.S. "Challenger" (1872-1876) (1878)
Australia Vol. 1 - General Map of Australia (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of the Overland Route to Australia (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of Victoria (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of New South Wales (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - The World on Mercator's Projection (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - Queensland (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - The Settled Portions of South Australia (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - Tasmania (1873)
New Zealand; or Zealandia - The Islands of New Zealand (1857)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - A Map of Fiji and New Caledonia (1880)
A Voyage Round the World - Chart of the World Shewing the Track of the Neva (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Harbour of St. Catherine - 1804 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Washington Islands - 1804 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Harbour of St. Paul - 1805 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Island of Cadiak with its Environs - 1805 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Chart of the Coast from Behring's Bay to Sea Otter Bay (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Sitca or Norfolk Sound Surveyed by Captn Lisiansky - 1805 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Lisiansky's Isle - 1805 (1814)
An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales - Map of Part of New South Wales (1826)
Descriptive Account of the Panoramic View of King George's Sound - Panoramic View of King George's Sound, Part of the Colony of Swan River (1834)
An Historical Account of the Colony of New South Wales - Plan of Port Macquarie, Including a Sketch of Part of Hastings River on the East Coast of New South Wales (1821)
An Account of the Pelew Islands - A Chart of the Pelew Islands and Adjacent Seas (1788)
A View of the Coasts, Countries and Islands within the Limits of the South-Sea-Company - A New and Exact Map of the Coasts, Countries, and Islands within the Limits of the South Sea Company (1711)

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