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Oceania

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Oceania Collection

History Archive - Oceania Collection

Oceania, collective name for the islands scattered throughout most of the Pacific Ocean. The term, in its widest sense, embraces the entire insular region between Asia and the Americas. A more common definition excludes the Ryukyu, Kuril, and Aleutian islands and the Japan archipelago.

The most popular usage delimits Oceania further by eliminating Indonesia, Taiwan, and the Philippines, because the peoples and cultures of those islands are more closely related historically to the Asian mainland. Oceania then, in its most restricted meaning, includes more than 10,000 islands, with a total land area (excluding Australia, but including Papua New Guinea and New Zealand) of approximately 317,700 square miles (822,800 square km).

Oceania has traditionally been divided into four parts: Australasia (Australia and New Zealand), Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. As recently as 33,000 years ago no human beings lived in the region, except in Australasia. Although disagreeing on details, scientists generally support a theory that calls for a Southeast Asian origin of island peoples.

By 2000 about 12 million islanders lived in Oceania (excluding Australia), and many indigenous cultures were revolutionized by intensive contact with non-Oceanic groups who had intruded from various parts of the Western world. (The arts of the region are discussed in several articles; see art and architecture, Oceanic; music and dance, Oceanic; and Oceanic literature.) Pop. (2001 est.) including Australia, 31,377,000.

References:

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Related Images

Image Name
Australia Vol. 2 - Tom Thumb's Lagoon, New South Wales (1873)
An Historical Account of the Colony of New South Wales - A view of Dawe's Battery at the entrance of Sydney Cove, New South Wales (1821)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Children on the Banks of the Waipa (1847)
An Historical Account of the Colony of New South Wales - Front Cover (1821)
Description of the Barossa Range and its Neighbourhood in South Australia - The Township of Angaston, German Pass. Evening. (1849)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Volcano of Tongariro with Motupoi Pah, from Roto-Aire Lake (1847)
An Account of the Pelew Islands - Plate 1 (1788)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - A New Caledonian Native (1880)
A Voyage Round the World - Chart of the World Shewing the Track of the Neva (1814)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Napier (1908)
South Australia Illustrated - Encampment of Native Women, near Cape Jervis (1847)
Hawaii, Old and New - Poi Pounder and Hula Maids (1943)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Book Display (1847)
Hawaii, Old and New - Halemaumau, Hawaii National Park (1943)
Australia Vol. 2 - Mount Kiera, New South Wales (1873)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - E Wai (wife) / Na Horua or Tom Street (elder brother of Rauparaha) / Tuarau, or Kopai (his son) (1847)
Australian Landscapes - Moroka River Falls, Foot of Mount Kent (1866)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Throwing the Spear, the mode of Salutation (1847)
Australia Vol. 1 - Mount Toma, New South Wales (1873)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Rochers de marbre a l'extremite-ouest de l'ile d'hoiane près la petite ville de Tourane (Cochinchine) (1828)
Australia Vol. 1 - Fern-Trees (1873)
Views of the South Seas - View of Huaheine, one of the Society Islands (1788)
An Account of a Voyage to New South Wales - Pinchgut Island (1803)
Australia Vol. 1 - View from Top of Grose Head (1873)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Coquero de Bresil (Cocos Romanzoffiana Cham.) (1822)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Tapu Virgin, British Solomon Islands (1907)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Bateau du port de San Francisco (1822)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - A Memorial Effigy, Malekula, New Hebrides (1907)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Vue de la Ville et du detroit de Sincapour, prise de la Maison du Resident (Cote Malaye) (1828)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Carte des Iles Radak et Ralik (1822)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Vue des Montagnes de Biobio pres de la Ville de la Conception (Chili) (1826)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Presqu'ile et Chapelle de Notre-Dame de bon voyage, a l'entree de la baie de Rio Janeiro (1828)
Australia Vol. 2 - Queensland (1873)
South Australia Illustrated - Klemsic, a village of German Settlers (1847)
South Australia Illustrated - The Aboriginal Inhabitants An Old Man and Girl on the Coorung (1847)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Isle Ovayhi (1822)
Australia Vol. 1 - The River Barwon, Victoria (1873)
A Voyage Round the World - Harbour of St. Paul in the Island of Cadiack (1814)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Ile de Younaska a 12 milles de distance (1822)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Vue prise au confluent de la rivière Nepean et du torrent de Glen-brook-creek (Nouvelle Galles méridionale) (1828)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Nene or Tamiti Waka. Chief of Hokianga (1847)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - The Rapids, Williams River, Island of Eromanga, New Hebrides (1907)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - On the Bealey River (1908)
The Melbourne Album - Botanical Gardens (1863) (1864)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - View on the Wingeecarrabee River (1825)
South Australia Illustrated - South Australia Botany (Native Flowers) (1847)
Australian Landscapes - Forest, Cape Otway Ranges (1866)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Lake Waikare-Moana (1908)
Journal of a Cruise Among the Islands of the Western Pacific - [Track of the H.M.S. Havannah Map] (1853)
Journal of a Cruise Among the Islands of the Western Pacific - Yanekari, A Native of the Isle of Pines (1853)
Sketches From Many Shores Visited by H.M.S. Challenger - H.M.S. "Challenger" Among the Icebergs of the Antarctic (1878)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Armes et ustensiles des isles Radak. (9 figs) (1822)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Monument to Tewhero's favourite daughter, at Raroera Pah, near Otawhao (1847)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Instrument de musique des Negres (1822)
Australia Vol. 2 - On the Cow Pasture River (1873)
Hawaii, Old and New - Hibiscus, Hawaii (1943)
South Australia Illustrated - Book Display (1847)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Bresil (1826)
An Account of the Pelew Islands - Plan of Englishmen's Harbour in Oroolong, one of the Pelew Islands (1788)
Australia Vol. 1 - Fairlight Glen, on the Warragamba (1873)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Chasse au Cerf dans les Montagnes de Manivelles (Iles Lucon, Philippines) (1828)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 2 - Rarick (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 3 - Front Cover (1821)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Te Awaitaia and Te Moanaroa: Waingaroa (1847)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - Interior of a Fijian House (1880)
Australia Vol. 2 - Natives of Carpentaria (1873)
Journal of a Cruise Among the Islands of the Western Pacific - Basset's House (1853)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - The Waikato at Ngaruawahia (1908)
Descriptive Account of the Panoramic View of King George's Sound - Panoramic View of King George's Sound [V] (1834)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Intérieur d'une Pagode dans le quartier Chinois, a Malacca (Cote Malaye) (1828)
Hawaii, Old and New - Front Cover (1943)
Australian Landscapes - Top of Mount Lofty near Adelaide (1866)
Pioneers in Australasia - An Australian Aborigine Navigating a Raft (1912)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - Beckett's Fall on the river Apsley (1825)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 2 - Plan of the Group called Romanzoff's Islands (1821)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Tonga Girl with Fan (1912)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - Botany Bay, New South Wales (1825)
South Australia Illustrated - The Departure of Captain Sturt on his expedition into the interior, august, 1844 (1847)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Nga Toenga, daughter of the Barrier Island Chief (1847)
South Australia Illustrated - Port Adelaide (1847)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Fete de Mariage. Malabar a Pondichery (Indes orientales, Carnate) (1828)
An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales - Ground Plan and Elevation of a House (1826)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Taranaki or Mount Egmont, War Canoe. (Early Morning) (1847)
Australia Vol. 2 - Fairy Lake, New South Wales (1873)
Pioneers in Australasia - Magellan Visiting the King of Sebu (1912)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - Motueka Valley near Nelson South Island (1867)
New Zealand; or Zealandia - A Bush Section on Greenland, Otago (Fox Lodge) (1857)
Hawaii, Old and New - Black Sands, Hawaii (1943)
The Melbourne Album - Mount Abrupt and the Grampians (1864) (1864)
Hawaii, Old and New - Poinciana Tree in Bloom (1943)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Vue de la Ville d'Agana (Iles Mariannes) (1826)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Weapons & Implements of War Warriors prepaing for a fight (9 figs) (1847)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 1 - Front Cover (1821)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Maua Study of One of Our Boat Crew, Apia, Samoa (1912)
Journal of a Cruise Among the Islands of the Western Pacific - Book Display [I] (1853)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Costumes des habitants des Isles Aleoutiennes (1822)
Australia Vol. 2 - Longford, Tasmania (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Quarantine Burial Ground, Port Jackson (1873)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Habitans de l'isle de Pasques (1822)
Description of the Barossa Range and its Neighbourhood in South Australia - Front Wrapper (1849)

Related Maps

Map Name
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 1 - Chart of Beering's Straits (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 1 - Chart of Course Taken by the Rurick (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 2 - Plan of the Group called Romanzoff's Islands (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 2 - Chart of the Islands of Radack and Ralick (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 3 - Chart of the Caroline Islands [I] (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 3 - Chart of the Caroline Islands [II] (1821)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - New Zealand (1867)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - The Southern Part of the Province of Auckland (1867)
Sketches From Many Shores Visited by H.M.S. Challenger - Chart Showing the Track of H.M.S. "Challenger" (1872-1876) (1878)
Australia Vol. 1 - General Map of Australia (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of the Overland Route to Australia (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of Victoria (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of New South Wales (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - The World on Mercator's Projection (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - Queensland (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - The Settled Portions of South Australia (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - Tasmania (1873)
New Zealand; or Zealandia - The Islands of New Zealand (1857)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - A Map of Fiji and New Caledonia (1880)
A Voyage Round the World - Chart of the World Shewing the Track of the Neva (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Harbour of St. Catherine - 1804 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Washington Islands - 1804 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Harbour of St. Paul - 1805 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Island of Cadiak with its Environs - 1805 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Chart of the Coast from Behring's Bay to Sea Otter Bay (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Sitca or Norfolk Sound Surveyed by Captn Lisiansky - 1805 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Lisiansky's Isle - 1805 (1814)
An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales - Map of Part of New South Wales (1826)
Descriptive Account of the Panoramic View of King George's Sound - Panoramic View of King George's Sound, Part of the Colony of Swan River (1834)
An Historical Account of the Colony of New South Wales - Plan of Port Macquarie, Including a Sketch of Part of Hastings River on the East Coast of New South Wales (1821)
An Account of the Pelew Islands - A Chart of the Pelew Islands and Adjacent Seas (1788)
A View of the Coasts, Countries and Islands within the Limits of the South-Sea-Company - A New and Exact Map of the Coasts, Countries, and Islands within the Limits of the South Sea Company (1711)

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