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Oceania

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Oceania Collection

History Archive - Oceania Collection

Oceania, collective name for the islands scattered throughout most of the Pacific Ocean. The term, in its widest sense, embraces the entire insular region between Asia and the Americas. A more common definition excludes the Ryukyu, Kuril, and Aleutian islands and the Japan archipelago.

The most popular usage delimits Oceania further by eliminating Indonesia, Taiwan, and the Philippines, because the peoples and cultures of those islands are more closely related historically to the Asian mainland. Oceania then, in its most restricted meaning, includes more than 10,000 islands, with a total land area (excluding Australia, but including Papua New Guinea and New Zealand) of approximately 317,700 square miles (822,800 square km).

Oceania has traditionally been divided into four parts: Australasia (Australia and New Zealand), Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. As recently as 33,000 years ago no human beings lived in the region, except in Australasia. Although disagreeing on details, scientists generally support a theory that calls for a Southeast Asian origin of island peoples.

By 2000 about 12 million islanders lived in Oceania (excluding Australia), and many indigenous cultures were revolutionized by intensive contact with non-Oceanic groups who had intruded from various parts of the Western world. (The arts of the region are discussed in several articles; see art and architecture, Oceanic; music and dance, Oceanic; and Oceanic literature.) Pop. (2001 est.) including Australia, 31,377,000.

References:

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Related Images

Image Name
South Australia Illustrated - The Aboriginal Inhabitants Native Tombs (1847)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Tu Kaitote, the Pah of Te Whero Whero, on the Waikato, Taupiri Mountains in the distance (1847)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Solomon Island Boy climbing after green cocoa-nuts, near Gavutu, New Florida (1907)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Kadou, habitant des isles Carolines. (1822)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Habitans des isles Aleoutiennes. (hommes) (1822)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - The Table Mountain (1825)
Pioneers in Australasia - An Australoid Type from Northern Queensland (1912)
South Australia Illustrated - Illustrated Wrapper (1847)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - The Waikato at Ngaruawahia (1908)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Port d'hanarourou (1822)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - Liverpool, New South Wales (1825)
Australian Landscapes - Ben Lomond Epping Forest, Tasmania (1866)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Carte des Iles Radak et Ralik (1822)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Bonnets et ustensiles des isles Sandwich. (5 figs) (1822)
Australia Vol. 1 - Quarantine Burial Ground, Port Jackson (1873)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Fayaway Sails Her Boat, Samoa (1912)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Ustensiles et armes des habitans du detroit de Behring. (5 figs) (1822)
Captain Cook's Three Voyages Round the World - Plate 4 (1895)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - A Stufy of Huts at End of Village, Matakula, Fiji (1912)
Hawaii, Old and New - Hula girl (1943)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Vue de la St. Cruz, sur l'Ile de Teneriffe (1826)
Australia Vol. 1 - Fairlight Glen, on the Warragamba (1873)
South Australia Illustrated - Interior of the principal Crater of Mount Gambier (1847)
Australia Vol. 1 - Australian Shepherd's Hut (1873)
The Melbourne Album - Bourke Street (East, 1863) (1864)
An Account of the Pelew Islands - Plate 6 (1788)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - A Map of New South Wales (1825)
Pioneers in Australasia - A View of Dusky Bay one the Great South Island of New Zealand with a Moari Family (1912)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Taranaki or Mount Egmont, War Canoe. (Early Morning) (1847)
Hawaii, Old and New - Coconut Island and Snow-Capped Mauna Kea (1943)
South Australia Illustrated - Entomology of South Australia, Orthoptera, &c (1847)
Hawaii, Old and New - Back Cover (1943)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Le Pont de l'Inca sur le passage de Santiago de Chili a Mendoza (Cordiliere des Andes) (1828)
Hawaii, Old and New - Poi Pounder and Hula Maids (1943)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - On the Upper Wanganui (1908)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - A Bush Road (1908)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Presentation of Gifts of Good at Iva in Savaii, Samoa (1912)
Australia Vol. 1 - Front Cover (1873)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - View Upon the Napean River (1825)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Instrument de musique des Negres (1822)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Corbeilles des isles Aleoutiennes (1822)
A Voyage Round the World - Title Page (1814)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Entrevue de l'Expedition de Mr. Kotzebue, avec le Roi Tammeamea, dans l'ile d'Ovayhi (Iles Sandwich) (1826)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Front Cover (1907)
South Australia Illustrated - Portraits of the Aboriginal Inhabitants (1847)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Vue dans les iles Sandwich (1826)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Chasse au Cerf dans les Montagnes de Manivelles (Iles Lucon, Philippines) (1828)
Australia Vol. 2 - Native Encampment (1873)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Hotel du Gouvernement a St. Denis (Ile Bourbon) (1828)
Journal of a Cruise Among the Islands of the Western Pacific - Yanekari, A Native of the Isle of Pines (1853)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - E Tohi. A young woman of Barrier Island (1847)
Hawaii, Old and New - Hibiscus, Hawaii (1943)
An Account of the Pelew Islands - Capt. Henry Wilson (1788)
Description of the Barossa Range and its Neighbourhood in South Australia - Salem Valley, from the Road to German Pass. Lindsay House in the distance. (1849)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - e Amotutu. A young chief of Nga-Ti-Pou Tribe (1847)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Coromandel (1908)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Vue de la Ville d'Agana (Iles Mariannes) (1826)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Planting Potatoes (1908)
An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales - Title Page (1826)
Australia Vol. 2 - Fairy Lake, New South Wales (1873)
South Australia Illustrated - Book Display (1847)
The Melbourne Album - Back Cover (1864)
Description of the Barossa Range and its Neighbourhood in South Australia - Title Page (1849)
New Zealand, Painted and Described - Mitre Peak (1908)
Australia Vol. 2 - Front Cover (1873)
An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales - Ground Plan of a Milking Yard (1826)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Danse des habitans de Californie a la mission de San Francisco (1822)
Pioneers in Australasia - Central and South Africa (1912)
Australia Vol. 1 - A Fern-Tree Valley (1873)
The New Zealanders Illustrated - Te Henheu's Old Pah of Waitahanui, at Taupo Lake (1847)
Vues et Paysages des Regions Equinoxiales - Vue de le baie d'Avatcha au Kamtchatka (1826)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Tree House in British New Guinea (1907)
South Australia Illustrated - Encounter Bay (1847)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - Title Page (1880)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - South Sea Seated Dance at Night, Samoa (1912)
The Melbourne Album - Fitzroy Gardens (1863) (1864)
Australia Vol. 1 - Lake Albert (1873)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - The Southern Part of the Province of Auckland (1867)
Australia Vol. 2 - New Zealand Gully near Roehampton, Queensland (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of the Overland Route to Australia (1873)
Journal of a Cruise Among the Islands of the Western Pacific - Basset's House (1853)
An Account of a Voyage to New South Wales - The Peak of Teneriffe (1803)
Descriptive Account of the Panoramic View of King George's Sound - Panoramic View of King George's Sound [V] (1834)
Pioneers in Australasia - Back Cover (1912)
An Account of a Voyage to New South Wales - Garden Island (1803)
Reminiscences of the South Seas - Swimming Dance, Samoa (1912)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - Residence of John McArthur (1825)
Sketches From Many Shores Visited by H.M.S. Challenger - The Extinct Volcanos on Ascension Island, seen from Green Mountain (1878)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Natives of the New Hebrides having a Drink (1907)
Album Pittoresque de la Fregate La Thetis et de la Corvette L'Esperance - Station de Voyageurs Eurpoeens aupres de la Chauderie de Vilnour (Indes orientales, Carnate) (1828)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - View of the Head's at the Entrance to Port Jackson (1825)
Captain Cook's Three Voyages Round the World - Plate 12 (1895)
The Savage South Seas, Painted and Described - Havannah Harbour, Rathmoy, New Hebrides (1907)
Voyage Pittoresque Autour de Monde - Labeleloa. Chef du groupe des islrs Koutousoff Smolenski (1822)
An Account of the Pelew Islands - Plate 4 (1788)
Views in Australia or New South Wales - View of Port Macquarie (1825)
Pioneers in Australasia - An Australian Aborigine Navigating a Raft (1912)
Australian Landscapes - Ferntree Gully, Dandenong Ranges, Victoria (1866)
An Historical Account of the Colony of New South Wales - Plan of Port Macquarie, Including a Sketch of Part of Hastings River on the East Coast of New South Wales (1821)
South Australia Illustrated - The Kapundia Copper Mine (1847)

Related Maps

Map Name
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 1 - Chart of Beering's Straits (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 1 - Chart of Course Taken by the Rurick (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 2 - Plan of the Group called Romanzoff's Islands (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 2 - Chart of the Islands of Radack and Ralick (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 3 - Chart of the Caroline Islands [I] (1821)
A Voyage of Discovery, into the South Sea and Beering's Straits Vol. 3 - Chart of the Caroline Islands [II] (1821)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - New Zealand (1867)
New Zealand : Its Physical Geography, Geology, and Natural History - The Southern Part of the Province of Auckland (1867)
Sketches From Many Shores Visited by H.M.S. Challenger - Chart Showing the Track of H.M.S. "Challenger" (1872-1876) (1878)
Australia Vol. 1 - General Map of Australia (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of the Overland Route to Australia (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of Victoria (1873)
Australia Vol. 1 - Map of New South Wales (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - The World on Mercator's Projection (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - Queensland (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - The Settled Portions of South Australia (1873)
Australia Vol. 2 - Tasmania (1873)
New Zealand; or Zealandia - The Islands of New Zealand (1857)
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - A Map of Fiji and New Caledonia (1880)
A Voyage Round the World - Chart of the World Shewing the Track of the Neva (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Harbour of St. Catherine - 1804 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Washington Islands - 1804 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Harbour of St. Paul - 1805 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Island of Cadiak with its Environs - 1805 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Chart of the Coast from Behring's Bay to Sea Otter Bay (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Sitca or Norfolk Sound Surveyed by Captn Lisiansky - 1805 (1814)
A Voyage Round the World - Lisiansky's Isle - 1805 (1814)
An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales - Map of Part of New South Wales (1826)
Descriptive Account of the Panoramic View of King George's Sound - Panoramic View of King George's Sound, Part of the Colony of Swan River (1834)
An Historical Account of the Colony of New South Wales - Plan of Port Macquarie, Including a Sketch of Part of Hastings River on the East Coast of New South Wales (1821)
An Account of the Pelew Islands - A Chart of the Pelew Islands and Adjacent Seas (1788)
A View of the Coasts, Countries and Islands within the Limits of the South-Sea-Company - A New and Exact Map of the Coasts, Countries, and Islands within the Limits of the South Sea Company (1711)

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