History Archive Icon

History Archive

Peru

Collections > Regions > Peru Collection

Peru Collection

History Archive - Peru Collection

Peru is a country on the western Pacific coast of South America that formed the traditional homeland for the Inca civilization. Following the European arrival in the New World though, the Inca kings were toppled by the Spanish conquistador Pizarro. In fact, the name Peru is derived from Biru which is a small river on the west coast of Colombia where Pizarro first landed.

Peru is divided longitudinally into three well-defined regions, the coast, the sierra and the montana. The coast, extending from the base of the Western or Maritime Cordillera to the Pacific Ocean, consists of a sandy desert crossed at intervals bv rivers flowing through narrow, fertile valleys. The sierra is the region of the Andes, and is about 250 m. in width. It contains stupendous chains of mountains, elevated plains and table-lands, warm and fertile valleys and ravines. The montana is the region of tropical forests within the valley of the Amazon, and skirts the eastern slopes of the Andes.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 21. pgs. 264-278.

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Book Title Date
Peru - La Cronica del Peru La Cronica del Peru 1922
Peru - Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico 1827
Peru - Across Unknown South America Vol. 1 Across Unknown South America Vol. 1 1913
Peru - Ancient Civilizations of the Andes Ancient Civilizations of the Andes 1931
Peru - Segunda Parte de La Cronica del Peru Segunda Parte de La Cronica del Peru 1880
Peru - An Historical and Descriptive Account of the Peruvian Sheep An Historical and Descriptive Account of the Peruvian Sheep 1811
Peru - Vitcos, the Last Inca Capital Vitcos, the Last Inca Capital 1912
Peru - The War of Quito The War of Quito 1913
Peru - A Study of Peruvian Textiles A Study of Peruvian Textiles 1932
Peru - The War of Chupas The War of Chupas 1918
Peru - History of the Conquest of Peru Vol. 1 History of the Conquest of Peru Vol. 1 1847
Peru - Parte Primera dela Chronica del Peru Parte Primera dela Chronica del Peru 1553
Peru - Peru; Incidents of Travel and Exploration Peru; Incidents of Travel and Exploration 1877
Peru - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 1821
Peru - Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru 1856
Peru - Relation of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru Vol. 2 Relation of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru Vol. 2 1921
Peru - Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana 1850
Peru - Ttahuantin-Suyu or the Empire of the Yncas Ttahuantin-Suyu or the Empire of the Yncas 1880
Peru - The Seventeen Years Travels of Peter de Cieza The Seventeen Years Travels of Peter de Cieza 1709
Peru - Across Unknown South America Vol. 2 Across Unknown South America Vol. 2 1913
Peru - Travels in Various Parts of Peru Vol. 1 Travels in Various Parts of Peru Vol. 1 1830
Peru - Travels in Various Parts of Peru Vol. 2 Travels in Various Parts of Peru Vol. 2 1830
Peru - The War of Las Salinas The War of Las Salinas 1923
Peru - A Survey of Ancient Peruvian Art A Survey of Ancient Peruvian Art 1917
Peru - The Travels of Pedro de Cieza de Leon The Travels of Pedro de Cieza de Leon 1864
Peru - Biblioteca Andina Biblioteca Andina 1928
Peru - Relation of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru Vol. 1 Relation of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru Vol. 1 1921
Peru - History of the Conquest of Peru Vol. 2 History of the Conquest of Peru Vol. 2 1847
Peru - The Present State of Peru The Present State of Peru 1805
Peru - In the Wonderland of Peru In the Wonderland of Peru 1913
Peru - An Account of the Conquest of Peru An Account of the Conquest of Peru 1917
Peru - Race and Society in the Andean Countries Race and Society in the Andean Countries 1918
Peru - Perou et Bolivie Perou et Bolivie 1880
Peru - The Second Part of the Chronicle of Peru The Second Part of the Chronicle of Peru 1883
Peru - Inca land : Explorations in the Highlands of Peru Inca land : Explorations in the Highlands of Peru 1922

Related Images

Image Name
The Present State of Peru - Civilized Indian wearing the Poncho (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Kerengnatnuck chef des Botocudos avec sa famille (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Cataracte de Tequendama (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Leurs instrumens de musique (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Inca Yupanqui (1850)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Les Guayanas (1821)
The Present State of Peru - A Female of Lima of the middle Class of Society (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Patres Espagnols du Paraguay (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Aqueducs de Rio-Janeiro (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Huira Ccocha Inca (1850)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Danses des Chiliens (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Huayna Ccapac (1850)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Atahalipa defait et prisonnier (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Forteresse du Cannar d'apres l'Atlas de Humboldt (1821)
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - The World on Mercator's Projection (1827)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Title Page (1821)
The Present State of Peru - A Lady of Lima in her full Dress (1805)
The Present State of Peru - Bozal, or Raw-negro, residing in the district of Lima (1805)
Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru - Book Display (1856)
An Historical and Descriptive Account of the Peruvian Sheep - Llama (1811)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Singes (1821)
The Present State of Peru - Indian Woman of a Village, near Lima (1805)
The Present State of Peru - Indian representation of the Costumes of the Ynca and his Queen (1805)
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - Back Cover (1827)
Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru - An Inca of Peru (1856)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Singe Leonina, le Condor etc (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Habillement des habitans de Santiago (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Cascade de Rio Vinagre (1821)
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - Title Page (1827)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Aborigenes (1821)
Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru - Back Cover (1856)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Clemence de Mayta-Capac (1821)
The Present State of Peru - Indians, Male and Female, in Costumes of Festivity (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Les Charruas (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Graman-Quacy etc (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Moulins a sucre [I] (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Canne a sucre, culture etc (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Vue de la mission de San-Fidelis (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Puris dans leurs forets (1821)
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - Anahuac in the Year 1521 Containing the Empire of Mexico (1827)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Yahuar Huaccac (1850)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Ville de Paramaribo (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Lavages des diamans a Madinga (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - La ville et la montagne de Potosi (1821)
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - Front Cover (1827)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Ttupac Inca Yupanqui (1850)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Idolees des Caribes (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Le lama, l'apaco, la vigogne (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Les habitans de Lima (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Front Cover (1850)
The Present State of Peru - Title Page (1805)
The Present State of Peru - Back Cover (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Physionomie de quelques Botocudos (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Les Pechere (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Les Araucans (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Boucaniers, et femmes Flibustieres (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Inca Rocca (1850)
The Present State of Peru - Front Cover (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Negres sous un bon meitre (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Soldats de la plage orientale de la Plata (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Mayta Ccapac (1850)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - La Roche d'Inti-Guaieu (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Formes, habillement et parure etc [III] (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Moulins a sucre [II] (1821)
The Present State of Peru - Llamas or Peruvian Sheep (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Indiens Pampas (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Ustensiles des Coroados, des Botocudos etc (1821)
An Historical and Descriptive Account of the Peruvian Sheep - Title Page (1811)
Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru - Inca Ruins (1856)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Formes, habillement et parure etc [I] (1821)
The Present State of Peru - Mulattoes of Quito (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Passage de la montagne de Quindiu (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - La grande place de Buenos-Ayres (1821)
The Present State of Peru - Basilio Huaylas, the Peruvian giant (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Les Patagons (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Ccapac Yupanqui (1850)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Habillement des habitans de la Conception (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Tupac Amaro (1850)
Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru - Cathedral of Cusco, N.E. side of Plaza Mayor (1856)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Title Page (1850)
The Present State of Peru - Indian Warrior belonging to a barbarous Tribe (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Maniere de perparer le coton (1821)
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - Emperors of Peru [II] (1827)
The Present State of Peru - Female Domestic of Lima of the Class of Quaterrons (1805)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Les Camacans (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Ustensiles des anciens Peruviens trouves dans leurs tombeaux (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Formes, habillement et parure etc [II] (1821)
An Historical and Descriptive Account of the Peruvian Sheep - Huanaco (1811)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Back Cover (1850)
An Historical and Descriptive Account of the Peruvian Sheep - Alpaca (1811)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Planteurs de Surinam (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Place du marche de Buenos-Ayres (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Huascar Inca (1850)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Les Indiens Jesuitiques (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Distinctions honorifiques de la famille royale etc (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Ponts naturels d'Icononzo (1821)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 - Les habitans de Quito (1821)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Sayri Ttupac (1850)
Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana - Pacha Cutic Inca (1850)
Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru - Arequipa from the Alameda (1856)

Related Maps

Map Name
Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru - A Map of Peru (1856)
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - The World on Mercator's Projection (1827)
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - Anahuac in the Year 1521 Containing the Empire of Mexico (1827)
Ttahuantin-Suyu or the Empire of the Yncas - Ttahuantin-Suyu or the Empire of the Yncas (1880)

Regions

View All Regions