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Riviera

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Riviera Collection

History Archive - Riviera Collection

The Riviera is the narrow belt of coast which lies between the mountains and the sea all round the Gulf of Genoa in the north of Italy, extending from Nice on the W. to Spezia on the E. It is usually spoken of as Riviera di Ponente ("the coast of the setting sun"), the portion between Nice and the city of Genoa; and as Riviera di Levante ("the coast of the rising sun"), the portion from Genoa to Spezia.

All this district, being open to the S. and sheltered from the N. and E. winds, enjoys a remarkably mild climate (winter mean, about 49° Fahr.); so much so that the vegetation in many places partakes of a subtropical character (e.g. the pomegranate, agave, prickly pear, date, palm and banana). Large numbers of flowers, especially roses, violets, hyacinths, &c., are grown near Nice, Mentone, Bordighera and other towns, and sent to the London and Paris markets.

Bordighera is particularly noted for its noble groves of date-palms, one of the few places in Europe where these trees grow. The uncommon mildness of the climate, conjoined with the natural beauty of the coast scenery, - the steep sea-crags, the ruined towers and the range of the Maritime Alps, - attracts thousands of invalids and convalescents to spend the winter in the chain of towns and villages which stretch from the one end of the Riviera to the other, while these resorts are frequented for sea-bathing in summer by the Italians.

Proceeding from W. to E. the following are the places to which visitors principally resort: Nice, Monaco (an independent principality), Monte Carlo, Mentone (the last town on the French Riviera), Ventimiglia, Bordighera, Ospedaletti, San Remo, Porto Maurizio, Oneglia, Diano Marina, Alassio, Arenzano, Pegli (in the Riviera di Ponente), and Nervi, Santa Margherita, Rapallo, Chiavari, Sestri Levante, Levanto, Spezia, and San Terenzo (Lerici) in the Riviera di Levante.

The Riviera labours, however, under the grave drawback of being liable to earthquakes. In the 19th century there were four such visitations, in 1818, 1831, 1854 and 1887, which especially affected the western Riviera. A railway runs close along the shore all through the Riviera, the distance from Nice to Genoa being 116 m., and the distance from Genoa to Spezia 56 m. In the latter stretch the line burrows through the many projecting headlands by means of more than eighty tunnels. The pearl of the eastern Riviera is the stretch (6 to 7 m.) between Rapallo and Chiavari.

Lord Byron and Shelley both lived and wrote on the shores of the Gulf of Spezia, and Dickens wrote The Chimes at Genoa.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 23.

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Related Images

Image Name
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Vegetable Market, Nice, looking West (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Genoa, from the Corso Magenta (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Monastery of the Annonciade, Mentone, from the South (1907)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Strand bei Nervi (1884)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Vegetable Market, Nice, looking South (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shores near Carqueiranne (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Entrance to Vallebona (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Monaco - Evening (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Monte Carlo from the East (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Hyeres (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - At Albenga (1870)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Between Finale and Noli (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Old Town, Cannes (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Old Walls, Ventimiglia, and Church of S. Michele (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Laigueglia, near Alassio (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Entrance to Camporosso - East (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shore, Bordighera - Early Morning (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Valley of the Var, from St. Romain (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Beaulieu (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Monastery of the Annonciade, Mentone, from the North (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Vernazza (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shore, Diano Marina - Cervo in the Distance (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - A Corner near the Market, Nice (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Autumn Tints in the Cypress Valley (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Dolceacqua, with the Castle of the Doria (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Old Tower, Rapallo (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Old Church, Hyeres (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Front Cover (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The "Tete de Chien," from S. Jean (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Zoagli (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Promenade, Nervi (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Apricale, from the West (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Cagnes - Evening (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - A Rose Garden, Bordighera (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - View of Cannes from La Bocca (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - A Corner in Genoa (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Entrance to Toirano (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Back Cover (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Antibes from the West (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shore, Alassio (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Old Church, Mentone (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - A Street Corner, Cagnes (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Olive Mill, Dolcedo (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Old Castle, Levanto (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Rapallo (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Santa Croce, near Alassio (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Chiesa dell'Oregina, Genoa (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Italy and France. Mouth of the Roya (1907)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Mentone (1884)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Entrance to Camporosso - West (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Villanuova, near Albenga (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The "Cavetto di S. Michele," near Rapallo (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - San Remo, Ancient and Modern (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Back Cover (1870)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Behind Bordighera (1870)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Monaco, from the Eas (1870)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Title Page (1884)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Entrance Gate, Auribeau (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - In the Nervia Valley - Castle of the Doria (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Bastion on the Shore, Ceriale (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - La Roquette, in the Var Valley (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Grasse (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - The Estrelles, from the Beau Site, Cannes (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Part of the Old Town, San Remo (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Antibes (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Front Cover (1907)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Illustrated Title Page (1884)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - La Murtola (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Tower at Bergeggi (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - In the Borrigo Valley, Mentone (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Old Bridge, Cagnes (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - At Loano (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Old Bastion, Sarzana (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Church of Perti, near Castello Gavone (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in the Old Town, Nice (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Capo Lungo, Nervi (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Cervo (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - France and Italy. On the Shore, Mentone, looking towards Bordighera (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Cap Martin (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Apricale (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Title Page (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - S. Cassien, near Cannes (1907)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Monaco, vom Cap Martin bei Mentone gesehen (1884)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Church of S. Massimo, near Rapallo (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Finale, from the East (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - [Map] (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Rocks on the Shore, Nervi (1907)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Vai di Sasso bei Bordighera (1884)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shore, Sori (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Monte Carlo, from Monaco - Early Morning (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Church of S. Pons, Nice (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Finalmarina (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - View from Santa Croce, looking towards Albenga - Early Morning (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The "Castello Brown," Portofino (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Ospedaletti (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Title Page (1870)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - The Carouba (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Falicon (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Church near Vallauris (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Villa Franca Harbour (1870)

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